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What is a saturated solution?

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Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: We also remember that the solvent and solute together makes up a saturated solution. Solute is a substance which is present in lower amounts to make a solution while solvent is a substance that is added in a higher amount to get a solution. Solute and solvent together makes up a solution; considering a solution of sodium chloride.

Complete answer:
We have to know that the saturated solution is a solution in which contains the maximum amount of solute which can be added in a solvent until the solute gets dissolved. Saturated solution can also be seen in these ways, a state in which no more solute is added in a solvent or the solution has reached its saturation point or no more solute can be dissolved in a solvent.
After reaching saturation point, physical change can also be observed like precipitate starts forming or gas is being released. These all are signs that the solution has become saturated now. There is always equilibrium between solute and the solution. Other solutions can also be studied which are unsaturated solution in which no equilibrium is observed between solute and dissolved solution like solution of sodium chloride and other is supersaturated solution in which the amount of solute is in excess to make a solution thus making a solution supersaturated for example: if you are adding sugar in water in excess; there comes a saturation stage then comes a state where no more sugar is dissolving in a solution.

Note:
We have to remember that the solutions can be of three types saturated, unsaturated and supersaturated. On increasing temperature the solubility of ionic salts in solutions also increases. Once a solution becomes saturated these physical changes can also be observed like precipitate starts forming or gas is being released.