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What humans evolved from?

Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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Hint: Scientific evidence proves that humans and the great apes of Africa share a lot of physical and genetic similarities. All the fossil fuels of early humans who lived 4 billion years ago are being found entirely in Africa. Hence, most of the evolution happened in this continent.

Complete answer:
Human evolution is the process of evolution of modern human beings.
The main stages of human evolution are as follows:
1. Dryopithecus: They were the earliest ancestors of human beings. It is the genus of great apes 10 million years ago. Their faces were similar to gorillas and they lived in a seasonal climate.
2. Ramapithecus: It is named from rama, which means ape in Greek. They are the earliest hominid. They are regarded as the transitional between true apes and later Hominidae.
3. Australopithecus: Their teeth were similar to that of humans. They weighed more than their ancestors.
4. Homo Erectus: Their enhanced physical body required a lot of energy. So, they started eating more meat and protein-rich foods to gain energy. They lived in an era where archaeologists discovered stone tool technology.
5. Homo Neanderthal: They are the first fossils recognized as our own species. They had a brain size larger than their ancestors. They were more powerful and muscular. Tools from this era suggest that they were hunters and hence were carnivores.

Note: The theory of evolution is the change in characteristics of a species over years. It is based on the fact that all species on earth are interrelated and they gradually change with the passage of time.