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‘The Environment Protection Act’ was passed in
a. 1968
b. 1974
c. 1981
d. 1986

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: The Environment Protection Act (the Environment Act), 1986 is the most comprehensive law meant for the protection and improvement of the environment. It establishes the framework for studying, planning and implementing long-term requirements of environmental safety.

Complete answer:
The Environment Protection Act (EPA) was enacted in 1986 providing for the protection and improvement of the environment. In the wake of the Bhopal Gas Tragedy, the Indian Government enacted the Environment Protection Act under Article 253 of the Constitution passed in March 1986. It came into action on 19 November 1986. The main purpose of the EPA (Environmental Protection Act) is to support and promote the protection, management, enhancement and judicious use of the environment. It is applicable in all over India including Jammu & Kashmir.
Under the Environmental Protection Act, the Central Government of India has rights to take necessary measures to protect and improve the quality of environment by setting standards for emissions of pollution in the atmosphere. From time to time, the Central Government issues guidelines for matters under the Environment Act.
In case of any contravention of the Environment Act, or of the rules or directions under the given Act, the violator will be punishable with imprisonment up to five years or with fine up to Rs 1,00, 000, or with both.

So, the correct answer is D.

Note: India experienced huge decline in the environment quality, evidenced by increasing global warming, effects on flora and fauna, disturbance in the food chain. The protection of the environment is becoming a growing concern. Thus, the Government of India passed Environment Protection Act in 1986 to provide the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected therewith.