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Question
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Who is considered as the 'Father of Ecology' in India?
A. Ramdeo Misra
B. M. S. Swaminathan
C. P. Maheshwari
D. S. L. Mehta

Answer Verified Verified
Hint:
He has done his teaching and research in ecology at the Department of Botany of the Banaras Hindu University which is situated in Varanasi.

Complete answer:
First let's see what Ecology is. Ecology is the study of organisms to know how they react with one another and how they react to their physical surroundings and their biophysical environment which includes both biotic and abiotic components. It is studied at various levels which includes organisms, population, community, biosphere and ecosystem.
Ramdeo Misra is considered as the 'Father of ecology' in India. He obtained Ph.D. in Ecology under professor from Leeds university in U.K. He has done his teaching and research in ecology at the Department of Botany of the Banaras Hindu University which is situated in Varanasi. His research made it possible to understand the environmental responses of the plant populations, productivity, nutrient cycling in tropical forest and grassland ecosystems etc.

Thus, the correct answer is option A i.e., Ramdeo Misra.

Additional Information:
The first postgraduate course in ecology in India was formulated by Ramdeo Misra. Other than this around 50 scholars obtained Ph.D. degrees under the supervision of Ramdeo Misra and then they moved on to research institutes to teach ecology and research across the country. He was honoured with many awards in Environment and Ecology.

Note: All the other options given in the question are not related to the ecology. You can clearly eliminate them since only the first option is related to the ecology. Ramdeo Misra made it possible to understand the tropical communities and their succession etc. Many scholars completed Ph.D. under his supervision.