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**Hint**The East India Company decided to undertake the collection of revenue by its own agents and to act as Diwan. After the abolition of the Dual System, the responsibility of collecting the revenue was done by the Company. Now for collection of the revenue, a Board of Revenue was established at Calcutta. Now Calcutta became the capital of Bengal in 1772.

**Stepwise Solution**

Warren Hastings was appointed governor general for the administration of Bengal in 1772. Warren Hastings found the administration in utter chaos. The financial position of the company at this time was worse. The difficulties were intensified by famine. He realized the immediate need for introducing reforms. The judicial system at the time of Warren Hastings was not perfect. The Nawab was the chief administrator of Justice. He misused his powers. He reduced the Nawab’s allowance of 32 lakhs of rupees to half that amount to improve the finances of the company. He also stopped the annual payment of 26 lakhs which was given to the Mughal Emperor. English collectors were appointed in each district of the State. The treasury was removed from Murshidabad to Calcutta.

**So, the correct option is the option Warren Hastings**

**Note**The Board of Revenue farmed out all the lands by auction for a period of five years instead of one year in order to find out their real value. The Zamindars were given priority in the auction at the same time certain good measures were taken to safeguard the interests of the peasant.

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