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Last updated date: 08th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Second law of thermodynamics defies:

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Hint:The science of the relationship between heat, work, temperature, and energy is known as thermodynamics. Thermodynamics, in its broadest sense, is concerned with the movement of energy from one location to another and from one type to another.

Complete step-by-step solution:
According to the second rule of thermodynamics, any naturally occurring mechanism would always result in an increase in the universe's entropy. In simple terms, the law states that the entropy of an isolated system can never decrease over time.
However, when a system is in thermodynamic equilibrium or undergoing a reversible operation, the total entropy of the system and its environment does not change. The Law of Increased Entropy is another name for the second law.
There are only a few factors that cause the closed system's entropy to rise. To begin with, in a closed system, heat is exchanged with the environment while the mass remains constant. This change in heat content causes a disruption in the system, increasing the entropy of the system. Second, internal changes in the system's molecule movements are possible. This causes disruptions, which in turn causes irreversibility within the system, increasing its entropy.

Note: The laws of thermodynamics apply to the human body. Sweat evaporates from the body as it consumes more and more heat, becoming more disordered and adding heat to the air, increasing the room's air temperature. A "closed system" with many sweaty people in a crowded space will easily heat things up.