Hint: The percentage of the population of a given age group that can read and write without any difficulty is referred to as the literacy rate of a country.
Complete Answer: Literacy plays an important role in the economic and social development of a country. It also helps in the socio-economic and cultural development of an area. A literate person is able to contribute to society by building up a good society, better economic infrastructure and better interaction within the nation and also at the global level. To measure the development of a rural or urban area, the rate of literacy is used as the main indicator.
Punjab, the land- of five rivers lies in the northwestern part of the country is also called the crown of India because of its fast-growing economy. Punjab ranks 14th as per the current census at all India ranking of literacy. It increased from 34.120 percent in 1971 to 75.84 percent in the 2011 census. In spite of its progress in the last few decades, the rank of Punjab in literacy rate has declined. The male literacy rate is higher than the female literacy rate. The male literacy is 81.50 percent while that of females’ is 71.30 percent.
Thus, the correct answer is option (C).
Note:The spatial patterns of literacy of the state of Punjab are divided into three categories - low; moderate; high and very high. Each of these divisions is further divided into five parts to calculate the literacy rate of the whole state. Kerala with a literacy rate of 96.2 percent is ranked 1st at all India ranking of literacy.