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Mitosis is characterized by ?

seo-qna
Last updated date: 14th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Mitosis is the process in which a single cell divides into two new identical cells. Growth and replacing worn out cells are the main purpose of mitosis. Any mistakes made during the process of mitosis can lead to changes in the DNA which can further lead into genetic disorders. The \[4\] phases of mitosis are prophase, metaphase, anaphase, and telophase.

Complete answer:
Generally speaking, Mitosis is a part of the cell cycle in which the replicated chromosomes are separated into two daughter nuclei. Mitosis is characterized by equal division as the number of chromosomes remains the same as that of parent cells. Whereas meiosis is characterized by reduction reaction.
In general, the process of mitosis is preceded by the S stage of interphase in which the DNA is replicated and is followed by telophase and cytokinesis. This then divides the cytoplasm, cell organelles and cell membrane of one of the parent cells into two new daughter cells which contains equal shares of these cellular components. The mitotic (M) phase of an animal cell cycle can be altogether defined by the different stages of Mitosis—the division of a parent cell into two daughter cells which are genetically identical to each other.

Hence the answer to this question is Equal division.

Note:
Mitosis plays an important part in the development of embryos, and it is also important for the development and growth of our body. New cells are produced by the process of mitosis and replaces cells that are damaged or old. The chromosomes are copied before starting the process of mitosis. The chromosomes now consist of two new sister chromatids. These chromatids are separated by mitosis, so that each new cell has a copy of every chromosome.