Question
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Ladang is the name given to shifting cultivation in _____.
A- Philippines
B- Mexico
C- Vietnam
D- Indonesia

Answer
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Hint:
Shifting cultivation is an agricultural method in which a person uses a piece of land, just a short time later to abandon or change the initial use. This method also involves clearing a piece of land before the soil loses fertility, followed by several years of wood harvesting or farming.

Complete answer:
Ladang is the name given to shifting agriculture in Indonesia.
Shifting cultivation in the Philippines is called Caingin.
Shifting Cultivation in Mexico is called Milpa.
Shifting Cultivation in Vietnam is called Ray.

Therefore, the correct answer is B

Additional information:
Shifting cultivation is an agricultural method in which plots of land are temporarily cultivated, then abandoned while fallow vegetation is permitted to grow freely after disturbance while the cultivator moves on to another plot.

When the soil shows signs of fatigue or more frequently, when the field is overrun by weeds, the cycle of cultivation is normally terminated. Typically, the amount of time a field is cultivated is less than the period during which the soil is allowed to regenerate by lying fallow.

In LEDCs (Less Economically Developed Countries) or LICs (Low-Income Countries), this approach is also used. In some areas, as one aspect of their farming cycle, growers use a slash-and-burn process. Others use land clearing without any burning, and some growers are simply migratory and on a given plot do not use any cyclical process. Often where regrowth is solely of grasses, no slashing is required at all, a result not unusual when soils are near exhaustion.

It's close to exhaustion and it's necessary to lie fallow.
Migrants abandon it for another plot after two or three years of producing vegetable and grain crops on cleared land when agriculture shifts. The land is frequently cleared by slash-and-burn-trees techniques, woods and bushes are hacked, and the remaining vegetation is burned. Potash is introduced to the soil by the ashes. In the rain, the seeds are then sown.

Note:
> Shifting cultivation in the hilly area of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura is locally known as jhum.
> It continues to be a dominant mode of food production and the economic pillar of many rural households.