Question

# Find the 8 th term from the end of the A.P 7, 10, 13, â€¦â€¦.., 184.

Hint: In the question, we are given the first term (a) and the last term (l) of the arithmetic
progression. Also, we can find the common difference (d) of this A.P. by subtracting first term from
the second term. Using the formula $l=a+\left( n-1 \right)d$, we can find the number of terms (n).
The 8 th term from the end will be the (n-8+1) th term from the start.

Before proceeding with the question, we must know all the formulas that will be required to solve
this question. Let us consider an arithmetic progression having itâ€™s first term as â€˜aâ€™, last term as â€˜lâ€™,
common difference as â€˜dâ€™ and â€˜nâ€™ be the number of terms.
In arithmetic progressions, we have a formula,
$l=a+\left( n-1 \right)d.............\left( 1 \right)$
If we want to find r th term from the starting, it is given by the formula,
${{a}_{r}}=a+\left( r-1 \right)d............\left( 2 \right)$
Also, the r th term from the end will be the (n-r+1) th $...........\left( 3 \right)$ term from the starting.
In the question, we are given an A.P. 7, 10, 13, â€¦â€¦.., 184. The common difference (d) of this A.P. will
be the difference of the first and the second term and is equal to $10-7=3$. Let us first find the
number of terms â€˜nâ€™ of this A.P.
Substituting $a=7,l=184,d=3$ in formula $\left( 1 \right)$, we get,
\begin{align} & 184=7+\left( n-1 \right)\left( 3 \right) \\ & \Rightarrow \left( n-1 \right)\left( 3 \right)=177 \\ & \Rightarrow \left( n-1 \right)=59 \\ & \Rightarrow n=60 \\ \end{align}
In the question, we are asked to find the 8 th term from the end. Using formula $\left( 3 \right)$, the
8 th term from the end will be the (60-8+1) th i.e. 53 th term from the start. Substituting $a=7,d=3,r=53$
in formula $\left( 2 \right)$, the 53 th term from the start is,
\begin{align} & {{a}_{53}}=7+\left( 53-1 \right)\left( 3 \right) \\ & \Rightarrow {{a}_{53}}=7+\left( 52 \right)\left( 3 \right) \\ & \Rightarrow {{a}_{53}}=7+156 \\ & \Rightarrow {{a}_{53}}=163 \\ \end{align}
Hence, the 8 th term from the end of the A.P. is 163.

Note: There is a possibility that one may commit a mistake while converting the number of from the end to the number of terms from the starting. To convert the r th term from the end, there is a possibility that one may use the formula (n-r) instead of the formula (n-r+1) where â€˜nâ€™ is the total number of terms in the A.P.