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Last updated date: 26th Nov 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Fill in the blanks:
Sulphur is derived from the Sanskrit word meaning _______.

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Hint :Sulphur is a chemical element with the symbol S and atomic number $ 16 $ in the periodic table. It's non-metallic, plentiful, and multivalent. Sulphur atoms form cyclic octatomic molecules with the chemical formula $ {S_8} $ under normal conditions. At room temperature, element sulphur is a bright yellow crystalline solid.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
Sulphur is the tenth most abundant element in the universe in terms of mass, and the fifth most abundant on Earth. Sulphur on Earth is often present as sulphide and sulphate minerals, though it is sometimes found in its pure, native form. Sulphur was known in ancient times because it was abundant in its natural state, and it was mentioned for its uses in ancient India, ancient Greece, China, and Egypt. Sulphur is also known as brimstone, which means "burning stone" in history and literature.
Since sulphur does not react strongly with copper, the word sulphur may be derived from the Arabic word sufra, which means yellow, or from the Sanskrit word shulbari, which means enemy of copper. It's a brittle, pale yellow solid that's odourless and insoluble in water but soluble in carbon disulphide.
Sulphur produces sulphur dioxide, which has a suffocating and annoying odour as it burns with a blue flame. Sulphur is soluble in carbon disulphide and, to a lesser degree, other nonpolar organic solvents like benzene and toluene, but not in water. Sulphur's first and second ionisation energies are respectively $ 999.6 $ and $ 2252 $ $ {{kJ} \mathord{\left/
 {\vphantom {{kJ} {mol}}} \right.} {mol}} $ .
The answer is Enemy of copper.

Note :
With the exception of noble gases, sulphur reacts with almost all other elements, including the famously unreactive metal iridium (yielding iridium disulphide). Some of these reactions necessitate the use of high temperatures.