During the absorption of carbohydrates by the blood, the most rapidly transported monosaccharide is A) Fructose B) Glucose C) Sucrose D) Galactose
Hint: The blood is a very essential connective tissue found in our body. It involves the absorption of gas, nutrients, and other macromolecules. The carbohydrates are also absorbed by the blood to maintain the sugar level.
Complete answer: To solve this question, we have to know about monosaccharide. Monosaccharides are simple carbohydrates they bond together and form complex carbohydrates like, two monosaccharide and form disaccharide more than two monosaccharide forms oligosaccharides and eleven and more forms polysaccharide. Monosaccharides are a source of energy; they provide four calories per gram like other carbohydrates. Glucose is the main fuel of the body, fructose is involved in the metabolism, and galactose is found in erythrocytes of each of the B-type of blood. Now, monosaccharide gets absorbed in the small intestine. It gets absorbed without breaking down by the enzymes found in the intestine. Glucose and galactose get absorbed easily, faster, and complete than other carbohydrates while compared to glucose and galactose the fructose gets absorbed slowly or sometimes incomplete. After consumption of glucose and galactose, it raises the blood sugar and the fructose raises mild blood sugar. The absorption of carbohydrates in the blood the most rapidly transported monosaccharide is galactose.
Thus, the correct option is ‘D’. Galactose.
Note: Foods like fruits contains glucose and fructose, honey, syrups contains high fructose, candies contains glucose, sweet wines contains glucose and fructose, and added sugar foods are; soft drinks, energy drinks, sport drinks, sweetened dairy products, desserts contains glucose mainly.