Why does hibiscus not bear fruits even through androecium and gynoecium present in it?
Hint: Hibiscus is a genus of flowering plants in the Malvaceae Family. Biological source is Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. The common name is china rose and shoe flower.
Complete Answer: Characteristics - Androecium: Number of stamens, monadelphous, filaments fuse to form a tubular stamina column. - Gynoecium: long and simple style. - Fruit: abortive mostly. Most members of this family exhibit production of capsules. - Root: Tap root system - Stem: Aerial, branched and erect. - Leaf: Leaves are simple, often lobed and alternate. - Flowers: Shows polypetalous condition and are contorted aestivation.
- Hibiscus is a plant that does not bear fruit or we can say the fruit is hidden. The fruit of the hibiscus flower is a capsule or five lobed pods which is located just below the flower. The seeds are present within the lob like any other fruit. So the hibiscus plant does not have any distinct fruit. - The fruits that are dry pods or capsule shaped which on maturing split up and drop out as winged seeds which may float away or may shed hooked seeds. The hibiscus species reproduce sexually when pollen from male flowers reaches female flowers and the process of fertilization occurs. - When pods become mature, they crack and release seeds. The seeds then fall to ground and germinate to make more plants.
Hence the hibiscus does not bear fruits.
Note: Hibiscus is used for many medicinal purposes like in treating heart and nerve diseases. It also acts as diuretic. It was also used to treat cancer and liver diseases.