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Do acids produce ions only in aqueous solution? Give reasons for your answer.

Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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Hint: Ions are generally those substances which get formed when salt dissociated and it may be of three types like the ions which are positively charged are known as cations, ions which carries negative charge are anions and the ions which have no charge are neutral in nature.

Complete answer:
Acids are generally those substances which have pH value less than 7, turn blue litmus paper into red and have sour taste rather than these the main property of an acid it is capable of donating a proton and also we can say that it is capable of forming a covalent bond.
Mostly all of the acids form hydrogen ions and conjugate bases when dissolved in water. These acids range from superacids i.e. strong acids to very weak acids. These are soluble in water and insoluble in organic solvents.
Aqueous solution is generally water solution as aqua word is used for water. When acid dissolves in an aqueous solution then it dissociates into an ion. This can be shown by the following reaction:
$HCl\to {{H}^{+}}+C{{l}^{-}}$
But in absence of water it will not be able to dissociate hydrogen ions so we can say that presence of water helps it in the conduction of electricity or to dissociate into ions.

Acids are generally sour in taste and it turns blue litmus paper to red. Bases are bitter in taste and turn red litmus paper into red. A base that can be dissolved in water is known by the term alkali and when these substances chemically react with acids they form salts.