Courses
Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
More
Store Icon
Store

Determine the relative abundance of the two isotopes of chlorine.
A.50% for $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ and 50% for $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $
B. 67% for $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ and 23% for $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $
C. 77.5% for $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ and 24.23% for $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $
D. 22.5% for $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ and77.5%for $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $

seo-qna
Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
Total views: 349.5k
Views today: 4.49k
Answer
VerifiedVerified
349.5k+ views
Hint :In order to answer the question we should first know about relative abundance. The percentage of atoms with a particular atomic mass present in a naturally occurring sample of an element is known as relative abundance.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
Chlorine is a chemical element with the atomic number 17 and the symbol $ Cl $ . It is the second-lightest of the halogens, appearing in the periodic table between fluorine and bromine, and its properties are often intermediate between them. At room temperature, chlorine is a yellow-green gas. It is a highly reactive element and a powerful oxidizer; on the Pauling scale, it has the highest electron affinity and third-highest electronegativity, behind only oxygen and fluorine.
The consistency of relative species abundance patterns indicates that the distribution of individuals among species within a trophic level is determined by some macroecological "law" or mechanism.
Chlorine has two isotopes in nature: $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ and $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $ . $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ has a 75.77% abundance, while $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $ has a 24.23% abundance. In other words, 75 chlorine atoms have a mass number of 35, and 25 atoms have a mass number of 37 in every 100 chlorine atoms.
So, from the above gathered data we can conclude that the correct option the given question is (C) 77.5% for $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ and 24.23% for $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $ .

Note :
The stable isotopes of chlorine are $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ and, $ \left( {chlorine - 37} \right) $ with $ \left( {chlorine - 35} \right) $ responsible for about three out of every four naturally occurring chlorine atoms. $ Chlorine - 36 $ is a radioactive isotope with a half-life of around 30,000 years that is also found in nature.