Degree Celsius was invented by Anders Celsius and is the standard unit to measure _________.
A. temperature
B. volume
C. height
D. none of these

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Hint: Weather can change dramatically from day today. However, the average weather condition of a place for a longer period of time is known as the climate of a place. The Temperature is known as the degree of hotness and coldness of the air.

Complete step-by-step solution:
The temperature of the atmosphere is the temperature you feel every day. The atmosphere’s temperature changes not only between day and night but also from season to season. Summers are hotter than winters. Insolation is an important factor that influences the distribution of temperature. The incoming solar energy intercepted by the earth is Insolation. The quantity of insolation decreases from the equator towards the poles. Therefore, the temperature decreases in the same manner and this is why the poles are covered with snow. It would become too warm for some crops to grow if the earth’s temperature rises too high. In terms of temperature, the cities are much hotter than those of villages. The asphalt of roads and the concrete and metals in buildings get heated up during the day. This heat is released during the night. Also, the crowded high rise buildings of the cities raise the temperature of the cities by trapping the warm air.
Degree Celsius is the standard unit of measuring temperature. It was invented by Anders Celsius. On the Celsius scale, the water boils at $100^\circ {\text{C}}$ and freezes at $0^\circ {\text{C}}$ .

Thus, option (A) is correct.

Note: There is a weather report column in all newspapers in which you can keep track of daily temperature and analyze the climate of your place.