Question

What are the methods of reducing friction ? Explain

There are various ways to reduce friction:

1. By using lubricants: friction increases as the roughness of the surface increases. Lubricants fill the fine pores and gaps between contact surfaces and reduces friction

2. Polishing surfaces: It makes the surfaces even and hence reduces friction

3. By using ball bearings: Rotating machines can be mounted on ball bearings. Rolling friction is lesser than sliding friction

4. By streamlining: streamlining reduces the area of contact and thus reduces friction