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Last updated date: 26th Nov 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Coriander has a fruit named
A. Follicle
B. Cremocarp
C. Caryopsis
D. Carcerulus

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Hint: Coriander, Coriandrum sativum, is an annual plant in the family Apiaceae. Also known as Chinese parsley, dhania or cilantro, they are used as herbs and spices. Coriander is native to the Mediterranean and Middle East regions.

Complete Answer:
- All parts are edible, but leaves and seeds are mostly used in cooking. They are very nutritious, the raw coriander leaves are 92% water, 4% carbohydrates, 2% protein and less than 1% fat. The seed contains 0.1 to 1 percent essential oil. The essential oil from coriander leaves and seeds consist of polyphenols and terpenes, including linalool which is a main component producing the aroma and flavor of coriander.
- Coriander is found in both dried seeds and ground form. The ground seed loses the flavor when stored, and is best when used fresh. One study has also shown that the essential oil of coriander can inhibit Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria including Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli etc.
- The roots of coriander have much more intense flavor than leaves and are used in a lot of dishes.
- It is a plant with a thin hollow stem and consists of bipinnate leaves. The flowers are pink or whitish and grow in umbel clusters. Pollen size is approximately 33 microns. The fruit is dry and schizocarpic with bicarpellary, inferior, syncarpous binocular ovary and develops from a single ovary of a single flower. This type is called cremocarp. Cremocarp is the characteristic of the Apiaceae family.

Hence, the correct option is option B, ‘cremocarp’.

Note: Coriander is an essential plant used mostly in food for taste and smell. All of its parts are edible in nature.