# Choose the correct option and justify your choice;

$\dfrac{{1 - {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{1 + {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}} = $

$

a.{\text{ }}\tan {90^0} \\

b.{\text{ 1}} \\

c.{\text{ }}\sin {45^0} \\

d.{\text{ 0}} \\

$

Last updated date: 27th Mar 2023

•

Total views: 309.3k

•

Views today: 5.85k

Answer

Verified

309.3k+ views

Hint – In this question use trigonometric identities which is $\tan \theta = \dfrac{{\sin \theta }}{{\cos \theta }}$ and ${\sin ^2}\theta + {\cos ^2}\theta = 1{\text{, }}{\cos ^2}\theta - {\sin ^2}\theta = \cos 2\theta $, to reach the answer.

Given equation is

$\dfrac{{1 - {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{1 + {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}$

Method - 1

As we know that $\tan \theta = \dfrac{{\sin \theta }}{{\cos \theta }}$

Substitute this value in above equation we have

$\dfrac{{1 - \dfrac{{{{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0}}}}}{{1 + \dfrac{{{{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0}}}}} = \dfrac{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} - {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} + {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}$

Now as we know that ${\sin ^2}\theta + {\cos ^2}\theta = 1{\text{, }}{\cos ^2}\theta - {\sin ^2}\theta = \cos 2\theta $

$ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} - {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} + {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}} = \dfrac{{\cos \left( {2 \times {{45}^0}} \right)}}{1} = \cos {90^0}$

Now we all know that the value of $\cos {90^0}$ is zero.

$\dfrac{{1 - {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{1 + {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}} = \cos {90^0} = 0$

Method – 2

As we all know that the value of $\tan {45^0}$ is one.

$ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{1 - {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{1 + {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}} = \dfrac{{1 - 1}}{{1 + 1}} = \dfrac{0}{2} = 0$

Hence, option (d) is correct.

Note – In such types of questions the key concept we have to remember is that always recall the basic trigonometric identities which are stated above and always remember the values of all standard angles, so apply these properties and values in the given equation we will get the required answer.

Given equation is

$\dfrac{{1 - {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{1 + {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}$

Method - 1

As we know that $\tan \theta = \dfrac{{\sin \theta }}{{\cos \theta }}$

Substitute this value in above equation we have

$\dfrac{{1 - \dfrac{{{{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0}}}}}{{1 + \dfrac{{{{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0}}}}} = \dfrac{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} - {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} + {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}$

Now as we know that ${\sin ^2}\theta + {\cos ^2}\theta = 1{\text{, }}{\cos ^2}\theta - {\sin ^2}\theta = \cos 2\theta $

$ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} - {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{{{\cos }^2}{{45}^0} + {{\sin }^2}{{45}^0}}} = \dfrac{{\cos \left( {2 \times {{45}^0}} \right)}}{1} = \cos {90^0}$

Now we all know that the value of $\cos {90^0}$ is zero.

$\dfrac{{1 - {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{1 + {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}} = \cos {90^0} = 0$

Method – 2

As we all know that the value of $\tan {45^0}$ is one.

$ \Rightarrow \dfrac{{1 - {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}}{{1 + {{\tan }^2}{{45}^0}}} = \dfrac{{1 - 1}}{{1 + 1}} = \dfrac{0}{2} = 0$

Hence, option (d) is correct.

Note – In such types of questions the key concept we have to remember is that always recall the basic trigonometric identities which are stated above and always remember the values of all standard angles, so apply these properties and values in the given equation we will get the required answer.

Recently Updated Pages

Calculate the entropy change involved in the conversion class 11 chemistry JEE_Main

The law formulated by Dr Nernst is A First law of thermodynamics class 11 chemistry JEE_Main

For the reaction at rm0rm0rmC and normal pressure A class 11 chemistry JEE_Main

An engine operating between rm15rm0rm0rmCand rm2rm5rm0rmC class 11 chemistry JEE_Main

For the reaction rm2Clg to rmCrmlrm2rmg the signs of class 11 chemistry JEE_Main

The enthalpy change for the transition of liquid water class 11 chemistry JEE_Main

Trending doubts

Difference Between Plant Cell and Animal Cell

Write an application to the principal requesting five class 10 english CBSE

Ray optics is valid when characteristic dimensions class 12 physics CBSE

Give 10 examples for herbs , shrubs , climbers , creepers

Write the 6 fundamental rights of India and explain in detail

Write a letter to the principal requesting him to grant class 10 english CBSE

List out three methods of soil conservation

Fill in the blanks A 1 lakh ten thousand B 1 million class 9 maths CBSE

Write a letter to the Principal of your school to plead class 10 english CBSE