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“Champaran Movement” was meant for___________.
A)Securing rights of lower castes
B)The separate electorate of Muslims
C)Solving problems of Indian farmers
D)Protest against the governments’ education policy

Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
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Hint: During the British colonial period, a farmer's uprising took place in the Champaran district of Bihar, India. With barely any payment for it, the farmers were protesting against having to grow indigo.

Complete answer:
“Champaran Movement” was meant for solving the problems of Indian farmers. Led by Gandhi in India and is considered a historically important revolt in the Indian Independence Movement, Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement. The farmers were protesting against having to grow indigo with barely any payment for it.

Gandhi tried to use the same methods that he had used in South Africa to organize mass uprisings by people to protest against injustice when Gandhi returned to India from South Africa in 1915. Champaran Satyagraha was the first popular satyagraha movement.
India's youth and freedom struggle, which was tottering between moderates who prescribed Indian participation within the British colonial system, and the extremists from Bengal who advocated the use of violent methods to topple the British colonialists in India, was given direction by the Champaran Satyagraha.

Many tenant farmers were forced to grow some indigo on a portion of their land as a condition of their tenancy, under Colonial-era laws. This indigo was used to make dye. The Germans had invented a cheaper artificial dye so the demand for indigo fell.

In return for being let off having to grow indigo, some tenants paid more rent. However, German dye ceased to be available and so indigo became profitable again during the First World War. Thus many tenants were once again forced to grow it on a portion of their land- as was required by their lease. Naturally, this created much anger and resentment.

Hence, the correct answer is option (C)

Note: The British colonialists forced farmers to grow indigo, often by making this the condition for providing loans, and through collusion with local kings, nawabs, and landlords. The trade was lucrative and led to the fortunes of several Asian and European traders and companies, including Jardine Matheson, E.Pabaney, Sassoon, Wadias, and Swire. Indigo traders began to put force on indigo planters to increase production, as indigo trade to China was made illegal in the early 1900s and was restricted in the USA in 1910.