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# $C{{H}_{3}}-CH=C{{H}_{2}}+HBr\to$ The major product formed is:[A] $C{{H}_{3}}-C{{H}_{2}}-C{{H}_{2}}-Br$ [B] $C{{H}_{3}}-CH(Br)-C{{H}_{3}}$ [C] $C{{H}_{2}}Br-CH=C{{H}_{2}}$ [D] $C{{H}_{2}}=C=C{{H}_{2}}$

Last updated date: 15th Sep 2024
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HINT: To answer this, you need to remember Markonikov’s addition. Here, the reaction will be an additional reaction. Two carbocations might be formed here but the secondary carbocation will be more stable and will give you the major product.

Complete step by step solution: Here, we can see that the compound given to us is an alkene named propene. It will react readily with hydrogen bromide and it will give us an alkyl bromide compound. Now, let us see the reaction to find out the major product.
Here, when we add HBr, it undergoes Markonikov’s addition giving us the product.
According to the Markovnikov’s Rule, bromine will be added to the most substituted carbon, giving us the major product by undergoing an additional reaction.
Now, let us see the mechanism of the addition.
We know that the H – Br bond is polarised due the electronegativity difference between them. Also, in the alkene the electron density is higher on the double bond.
The ${{H}^{+}}$ ion will attack on the propene carbocation and there is a possibility of formation of two carbocation - one primary, the other secondary. However, secondary carbocation is more stable so it will give us the major product. Then, the bromide ion reacts with the secondary carbocation formed and gives us an alkyl bromide.
We can show the mechanism as-

Therefore, the correct answer is option [B] $C{{H}_{3}}-CH(Br)-C{{H}_{3}}$

NOTE: It is important for us to remember that HBr shows peroxide effect i.e.in presence of HBr and peroxide, it changes the region selectivity and gives the opposite of the expected product. The product thus obtained is the Anti-Markovnikov product. However, hydrogen chloride and hydrogen iodide do not show a peroxide effect.