Answer

Verified

351.6k+ views

**Hint:**When a given mass of an element having some molecular weight is given, then the number of moles of that element is equal to the given mass divided by the molecular weight. The moles are unitless The moles are unitless because the S.I.unit for both the quantities is grams.

**Complete answer:**

When there is a given mass of a compound and we already know the molecular weight of the compound then the number of moles of that compound is defined as the given mass divided by the molecular weight.

Here in this question, we are given $3.6gm$ of water and $4.4gm$ of carbon dioxide

So first let’s calculate the molecular weight of water, now water has two elements hydrogen and oxygen and hydrogen as two units so the molecular weight of water is

$

2 \times H + O \\

= 2 \times 1 + 16 \\

= 18g/mol \\

$

Now let’s calculate the molecular weight of carbon dioxide, now in carbon dioxide, it has one atom of carbon and two atoms of oxygen, therefore, the molecular weight is

$

C + 2 \times O \\

= 12 + 2 \times 16 \\

= 44g/mol \\

$

Now let’s calculate the moles given of water, we have the given mass and the molecular weight of water, so we have to divide the given weight with molecular weight

$

moles = \dfrac{{given\,mass}}{{molecular\,weight}} \\

\Rightarrow moles = \dfrac{{3.6}}{{18}} \\

\Rightarrow moles = 0.2 \\

$

Now let’s calculate the moles given of carbon dioxide, we have the given mass and the molecular weight of carbon dioxide, so we have to divide the given weight with molecular weight

$

moles = \dfrac{{given\,mass}}{{molecular\,weight}} \\

\Rightarrow moles = \dfrac{{4.4}}{{44}} \\

\Rightarrow moles = 0.1 \\

$

Now the ratio between the moles of water and carbon dioxide is

$

ratio = \dfrac{{mole{s_{{H_2}O}}}}{{mole{s_{C{O_2}}}}} \\

\Rightarrow ratio = \dfrac{{0.2}}{{0.1}} \\

\Rightarrow ratio = 2:1 \\

$

**The ratio of moles of moles of $3.6gm$of water and $4.4gm$of carbon dioxide is $2:1$.**

**Note:**

The molarity of a compound is defined as the number of moles of a compound in one litre of solution while molality is defined as the number of moles in one kilogram of solvent. Both these quantities are interchangeable and can be calculated from density.

Recently Updated Pages

How many sigma and pi bonds are present in HCequiv class 11 chemistry CBSE

Why Are Noble Gases NonReactive class 11 chemistry CBSE

Let X and Y be the sets of all positive divisors of class 11 maths CBSE

Let x and y be 2 real numbers which satisfy the equations class 11 maths CBSE

Let x 4log 2sqrt 9k 1 + 7 and y dfrac132log 2sqrt5 class 11 maths CBSE

Let x22ax+b20 and x22bx+a20 be two equations Then the class 11 maths CBSE

Trending doubts

Guru Purnima speech in English in 100 words class 7 english CBSE

Which are the Top 10 Largest Countries of the World?

Fill the blanks with the suitable prepositions 1 The class 9 english CBSE

Difference between Prokaryotic cell and Eukaryotic class 11 biology CBSE

Change the following sentences into negative and interrogative class 10 english CBSE

Give 10 examples for herbs , shrubs , climbers , creepers

Differentiate between homogeneous and heterogeneous class 12 chemistry CBSE

The Equation xxx + 2 is Satisfied when x is Equal to Class 10 Maths

Select the word that is correctly spelled a Twelveth class 10 english CBSE