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Last updated date: 27th Nov 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Asafoetida or Hing is obtained from
A. Dried seeds
B. Dried fruit
C. Root exude
D. Stem exude

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Hint: Hing or asafoetida is included in spices. It has a pungent smell and taste. This is used for cooking spicy food. Today thousands of spices are used and all are obtained from plants. Different spices are obtained from different parts of plants.

Step by step answer:
Class- mangoliopsida
Subclass- Rosidae
Order- Apiales
Family- Apiaceae
Genus- Ferula
Hing is a well-known spice. This is obtained from the plant Ferula Asafoetida. This plant is a long bush. Its roots and root tubers are swollen. This plant can be grown by root tuber and seeds.
From the cuts of the root, a substance oleogumresin is secreted. This is a dense substance and has economic importance.
After drying this substance it becomes yellowish-brown and dry. Now, this is called hing. It contains resin, ferulic acid, umbelliferone, and pimene. Ferulic is responsible for its taste and pimene is an essential oil, responsible for the smell.
Additional information:
Hing is used as a spice. This has economic and medicinal importance. Hing is anthelmintic, digestive, diuretic, and stimulant. It is used in the treatment of chronic bronchitis, colic pain, coughing, and dyspepsia.

Hence option C is correct.

Note: Hing botanical name is Ferula Asafoetida. Ferula is a genus and its root is used as a spice in the preparation of food and medicines.