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What are the two names that a Binomial Nomenclature consist of?

Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Hint: Binomial Nomenclature means a name which has two names in it.
Binomial Nomenclature was made for the easier study of the organisms and their easier classification.

Complete answer:
• Carl Linnaeus was a Swedish botanist who invented the modern system of binomial nomenclature
• Binomial Nomenclature is shorter and easy to Remember as compared to the polynomial system.
• Binomial Nomenclature is governed by international codes and is worldwide used by biologists.
• Binomial Nomenclature is unique and cannot be given to any other species
• Binomial Nomenclature also means binary nomenclature which is composed of two parts that are Genus name and Species name of a particular organism.
• First name is also called the generic name which identifies the genus of the species.
• Second name is known as a specific name or specific epithet which identifies the species of that particular genus.
• The first letter of the genus should always be capital in writing and the first letter of species should be small.
• Both the parts of the name should be italicised in normal text or should be underlined while writing.
• Species names are generally derived from the name and the place from where that organism is found for example the scientific name of mango is Mangifera indica where indica means that it originated from India.
• Musca domestica is a scientific name of housefly where Mecca is its genus name and domestica is its scientific name here domestic means that houseflies are common in domestic areas.

Note: Some names such as Rattus rattus (Rat) and Naja naja (Snake) have the same genus and species name. This is also a Binomial nomenclature which is known as Tautonym.
Other examples of tautonyms are Wolverine (Gulo gulo), the red fox (Vulpes vulpes), and the moose (Alces alces).