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How are non vascular plants, gymnosperms, and angiosperms all alike and different ?

Last updated date: 29th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
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Hint: Gymnosperms and angiosperms are more advanced than plants that are nonvascular. Both are vascular plants with vascular tissue that, by having seeds, survive on land and reproduce.

Complete answer:
Non-vascular plants are basic, low-growing, non-flowering plants that lack advanced conducting channels for transporting water and nutrients and in which the dominant stage of the life cycle is the photosynthetic gametophyte (such as moss or liverwort).
Gymnosperms are a category of seed-producing plants that include conifers, cycads, ginkgo, and gnetophytes, also known as Acrogymnospermae.

Angiosperms are plants which are vascular. Stems, stems, and leaves are in them. Angiosperm seeds are discovered in a flower, unlike gymnosperms such as conifers and cycads. Angiosperm eggs are fertilized and in an ovary that is normally in a flower, they turn into a seed.

All carry chlorophyll, a process of sporophyte and gametophyte. Both include mechanisms similar to root and root, and may replicate sexually. Vascular plants that are seedless depend heavily on water. They have no real roots, or they have xylem and phloem. They are typically not prevalent in sporophytes. They are fern-like and may be either heterosporous or homo.

Through water, they fertilize. Angiosperms and gymnosperms are dominant sporophytes and dependent on distance-wide pollination. They are found to be heterosporous in nature. There are secondary xylem and phloem gymnosperms, cork cambium, bark, and robust lignin. They have cones and seeds of cones present in them.

Note: Angiosperm seeds grow in the flowers' ovaries and are surrounded by a defensive fruit. Gymnosperm seeds, known as strobili, are typically produced in unisexual cones, and fruits and flowers are absent from the plants.
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