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Aniline is treated with $B{{r}_{2}}$ ​ water at room temperature to give the following product:
(a)
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(b)
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(c)
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(d)
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Last updated date: 20th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: As we know that aniline is an organic compound that consists of a phenyl group attached to an amino group. It is the simplest aromatic amine available. It is industrially very significant and used as a starting reaction in organic synthesis of various compounds. So here we are to tell the compound formed when aniline is treated with Bromine water at room temperature.

Complete answer:
Let us discuss about reactive nature of aniline followed by the reaction as follows:-
Just like phenols, aniline does give electrophilic substitution reaction. Due to its high reactivity, it can also be categorized as an enamine. This is because aniline has a good electron donating ability to the electrophilic species. This can be seen in the reaction of aniline with bromine water at room temperature as follows:-
-Bromination
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The benzene ring of aniline is so highly activated due to strong mesomeric effect amino group that when it is treated with bromine water ($B{{r}_{2}}$ ) at room temperature, electrophilic substitution takes place at all para and ortho positions which results in the formation of 2,4,6-tribromoaniline.
-The formation of 2,4,6-tribromoaniline can be seen because a white colour precipitate is formed in the solution and also the yellowish orange colour of bromine water also disappears at the same time.
-Therefore we can say that, aniline is treated with $B{{r}_{2}}$ ​ water at room temperature to give following product:-
(d)
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Note:
-To obtain a monosubstituted product, we need to decrease the effect of the amino group by acetylating this group before the substitution reaction.
-Also study and learn all types of reaction shown by aniline as it is an important reactant in most of the organic synthesis.