Question

# An equilateral triangle has its side of $3\sqrt 3 cm$, then the radius of its circumcircle is:(A) $3cm$ (B) $4cm$ (C) $2\sqrt 3 cm$ (D) $2cm$

Hint: If $a$ is the side of the equilateral triangle, then the circumradius of the equilateral triangle is $\dfrac{a}{{\sqrt 3 }}$.
If $a$ is the side of the equilateral triangle then according to the question, the side of the equilateral triangle is given as $3\sqrt 3$.
$\Rightarrow a = 3\sqrt 3$.
$\therefore$ And we know that the circumradius of an equilateral triangle
is $\dfrac{a}{{\sqrt 3 }}$. If $R$ is the circumradius, then weâ€™ll get:
$\Rightarrow R = \dfrac{a}{{\sqrt 3 }}, \\ \Rightarrow R = \dfrac{{3\sqrt 3 }}{{\sqrt 3 }}, \\ \Rightarrow R = 3 \\$
Therefore, the radius of the circumcircle of the given equilateral triangle is $3cm$.
(A) is the correct option.
Note: In an equilateral triangle circumcenter, the incenter and centroid lies at the same point. If $a$ is the side of the triangle, then $\dfrac{{a\sqrt 3 }}{2}$ is its altitude. And centroid divides the altitude in the ratio $2$: $1$. Larger divided part is circumradius and the smaller part is inradius. Thus:
Circumradius $= \dfrac{a}{{\sqrt 3 }}$ and inradius $= \dfrac{a}{{2\sqrt 3 }}$.