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When a fluid is heated, its molecules close to the heat source absorb heat energy and rise upwards. The upward movement of molecules causes a fall in the pressure in that region. To equalize the pressure, colder molecules sink downwards and get heated in turn, thus rising again. This movement of particles sets up a current called conventional current.Conventional current plays an important role in weather phenomena, such as rainfall:

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Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The transfer of heat from one place to another due to the movement of fluid is called convection heat transfer. The fluid in the hot surface has low density and low rinse due to expansion. A convection heat transfer is due to fluid. The fluid may be in gas or liquid state; both applications are in convection heat transfer.

Complete answer:
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From the above diagram we can observe the convection heat transfer. We can observe from the diagram is, the cold water is upside down and water on the downwards is heated due to the heat source. The hot water resistance goes upwards and cold water comes downwards due to this process the hot water has low rinse and is less dense. The molecule of water particles in hot water resistance slowly goes upwards and molecules of cold water with high pressure slowly come downwards this process is called convectional heat transfer.

Note: As given data from question the water particles in the heat resistance slowly move towards upside and water particles in cold water slowly come downwards with pressure as shown in figure. Water in downwards is heated due to heat source from this the water gets heated and produces some convectional heat transfer.