A diet is all that we consume in a day. And a balanced diet is a diet that contains an adequate quantity of the nutrients that we require in a day. Different food items have different proportions of nutrients. The requirements of nutrients depend on age, gender, and health of the person.Complete Answer:
A balanced diet leads to a good physical and a good mental health. It helps in proper growth of the body. Also, it increases the capacity to do work. The diet should also contain a good amount of roughage and water and such a diet is called a balanced diet. A balanced diet means eating the right amount of foods from all the food groups.
It means getting the right types and amount of foods and drinks to supply nutrition and energy for maintaining body cells, tissues, and organs, and for supporting normal growth and development. The ratio between proteins, fats and carbohydrates should be 1:1:4.
- Protein: It helps in tissue and muscle building and it also boosts up immunity.
- Minerals: Inorganic mineral constituents are required in the structural composition of hard and soft body tissues and they also participate in the process of action of enzyme systems.
- Carbohydrate: It is an energy giving compound necessary for daily activity. It is necessary for proper working of the brain, heart, nervous tissue.
- Fats: Its main function is to give energy. It is important for transport of vitamin a, d, e, k. It covers organs and acts as insulators to our vital organs like heart, kidney, liver. So, the option (A) is correct.Note:
The general population needs to have a balanced, healthy diet as it provides the energy and nutrients required to survive and stay healthy. A balanced diet provides all the nutrients when a person requires, or without going over the recommended daily calorie intake.