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How Telephone Works

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Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Information About Telephone

The telephone is one such device that changed the equation of the whole world.  Any person who has to convey his point of view to another person sitting far away, can call from the telephone in a few seconds and speak his point. If there was no telephone, even today we would have to go to the pigeon. The entire credit for making our needs easy is to go to the telephone itself. The telephone has established the whole world in one centre. Today we can call and talk to whomever we want in a few seconds.

The Telephone.

The Telephone.

What is a Telephone?

Telephone, also known as "phone".  It is a telecommunication device that sends and receives sounds like voice messages and data over a certain distance.  The word telephone is derived from the Greek word tele, meaning far, and phone, meaning voice or sound.  In the broadest sense, the Telephone is a specific type of telecommunications that allows people to have direct conversations over almost any distance.

History of Invention and Evolution of Telephone

Not everyone agrees on who invented the telephone.  However, it is usually attributed to Alexander Graham Bell.  In 1876, he sent the first word by telephone.  Later that year Bell made the first long-distance call.  He spoke to his assistant, who was 2 miles (3.2 kilometres) away.  By 1915 people could make telephone calls across the United States. Telephone service began in the Atlantic Ocean in 1927.  The first cell phones appeared in the late 1970s.

Alexander Graham Bell.

Alexander Graham Bell.

Around the same time advances in electronics made the telephone useful for more than just talking.  Fax machines became common in the 1970s.  They use telephone wires to send words and pictures.  Today many computers connect to the Internet via telephone lines.

Evolution of the Telephone.

Evolution of the Telephone.

How Does the Telephone Work?

The telephone has two main parts, the first is the speaker and the hearing aid.  Its end which is spoken by keeping it near the mouth is called 'Mike'.  And the other end, which we attach to the ear, is called the 'receiver'.  The second part is the telephone machine from which the numbers are dialled.

When we telephone someone, the mic in the first part of the telephone converts our voice into electrical waves.  When these waves reach the other person's receiver, they are converted into sound again.  The work of converting sound into electrical waves and electrical waves into voice is done by a very thin metal plate in the mic and receiver of the telephone, which we call a 'diaphragm'.

When our voice hits the diaphragm, it starts vibrating.  Due to this vibration, the current running in it also slows down.  When this current reaches the other person's receiver in the diaphragm, then it also vibrates as before, as a result of which we can hear the sound.

Cordless Telephone and Cell Phone

Cordless Telephone:

A cordless telephone is more suitable than a traditional telephone.  There is no cord connecting the handset and the base.  This allows one person to move around the house while talking.

A cordless telephone uses both electrical signals and radio waves. It receives calls in the form of an electric signal, just like corded phones do.  The base then converts the electrical signal into radio waves.  Using antennas, the base sends waves through the air to the handset.  The antenna of the handset picks up the waves.  The handset then converts the waves back into sound.

Cell Phone:

Cell phones are even more convenient than cordless phones because they work over a much wider area.  For this reason, in some places, they are also called mobile phones.  They send and receive calls using radio waves.

Cell phone companies divide an area, such as a city, into sections called cells.  Each cell has a tower for receiving and sending radio waves.  If the caller moves from one cell to another, the call is switched from tower to tower.  This means that a cell phone can work anywhere the cell phone company's network is reached.  Cell phone networks can spread across the country.

A cell phone sends a special signal whenever it is turned on.  The signal tells the network where to send incoming calls to that phone.

Many cell phones can do other things than make calls.  Can send text messages to most other cell phones.  Many people can take pictures, play music, get information from the Internet, and send and receive emails.  Some types, called smartphones, also run computer programs called applications. Apps let people play games, shop, read, get maps and directions, set appointments, and many more.  For those reasons, smartphones are like handheld computers.

Solved Questions

1. How is the Telephone used in communication? 

Ans: The Telephone is used for 'Communication'. The telephone consists of two essential parts: a microphone and a speaker.  This allows the user to speak into the device and listen to broadcasts from another user.

2. What is meant by Telephone conversation?

Ans: We can define telephone conversation as the exchange of information between two persons over the telephone.  It is not a face-to-face conversation but a person-to-person conversation where no one sees the other but listens to each other and interacts instantly.

Learning By Doing

Telephone for Kids: 

How to make a Telephone? We can make a Telephone by using 2 paper cups. Like Shown in the picture given below. Ask your teachers to help you. And understand the whole procedure of this activity.

Paper Cup Telephone.

Paper Cup Telephone.


The telephone is a telecommunication device. It is a specific type of telecommunications that allows people to have direct conversations over almost any distance. The Telephone has two main parts, a microphone and a receiver. When we telephone someone, the mic in the first part of the telephone converts our voice into electrical waves.  When these waves reach the other person's receiver, they are converted into sound again.

FAQs on How Telephone Works

1. When did the telephone come to India?

The first telephone came to India in 1881.

2. Write any one difference between a Telephone and a Mobile Phone?

Difference Between Telephone and Mobile phone:

Telephones can be used at a fixed place at a time, we can not change the place rapidly and not take them to other places. But You can use the mobile anywhere by keeping it in your pocket. It's a pocket-friendly device.

3. What is telephone etiquette?

Telephone etiquette means respecting the person you're speaking with, being considerate of the other person's boundaries, giving that person time to speak, communicating clearly, and more.  Your voice should create a pleasing visual effect on the telephone.