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Natural Disasters Name

Vedantu Early Learn

What are Natural Disasters?

Last updated date: 22nd Jan 2023
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Natural Disaster are disastrous occurrences that are caused by any of the natural phenomena that occur on Earth. These can include earthquakes, tsunamis, and even floods and hurricanes. A natural disaster is "the negative impact following an actual occurrence of natural hazard in the event that it significantly harms a community". A natural disaster can cause loss of life or damage to property and typically leaves some economic damage in its wake.


Names of Natural Disasters

There are different types of natural disasters.

The below-mentioned list contains natural disasters. 

  1. Tsunami

  2. Flood

  3. Drought

  4. Storm

  5. Cold Waves

  6. Cyclone

  7. Tuberculosis

  8. Earthquakes

Let’s learn about each of them one by one.


Tsunami


Tsunami


Tsunami


It is a powerful wave that occurs inside the sea because of the earthquake. This happens when a strong earthquake happens near or under the ocean. Because of this, a Tsunami occurs causing the destruction of so many lives.


Flood


Flood


Flood


During a flood, there is an overflow of water. This disturbs normal life and sometimes also even causes deaths if the level of water becomes uncontrollable. This can happen after over rain and water leakage.


Drought


Drought


Drought


This is a serious condition without the presence of water. This condition is caused by the long period of dry time without the water. This can happen due to high temperatures and extreme weather. As water is the fundamental need of the living beings, people start dying due to this condition.


Storm


Storm


Storm


The storm is the disturbance of the atmosphere because of the strong winds, and heavy rainfall. Apart from this, there will be lightning. Storms can be uncontrollable and can cause the death of living beings.


Cold Waves


Cold Waves


Cold Waves


Because of some natural processes, sometimes cold air can be developed in the region and the surroundings. Due to this, the cold weather becomes unbearable and starts affecting the lives of living organisms.


Cyclone


Cyclone


Cyclone


The cyclone occurs when the warm air rises up over the ocean. Because the air moves up, a low-pressure area is formed below. As the low-pressure area is completely filled with high-pressure air, the cool air gets warm over the ocean and starts moving upward.


Earthquakes


Earthquake


Earthquake


Earthquakes are the sudden shaking of the Earth. It occurs only for a short duration. During this, the Earth’s crust is disturbed completely.


Summary

Natural disasters sometimes take place without any prior warning or signs. The intensity can vary from situation to situation, as also the location and the type of disaster. The destruction can even be life-threatening and risky for human life; it is very important to take important steps to avoid any mishap.

FAQs on Natural Disasters Name

1. How do earthquakes occur?

Earthquakes occur because of the sudden tectonic movements in the Earth's crust. When the plates slide over each other, it causes shaking of the Earth. Sometimes the shaking is too small, and sometimes it can be uncontrollable and cause loss of life. However, if it is uncontrollable, then professional help and actions need to be arranged and performed. The government needs to take appropriate actions in such conditions. During such a condition, necessary preventive measures need to be taken.

2. What measures and steps should be taken during an Earthquake?

There are a couple of things that should be done during an Earthquake. These are:-

  1. Keep yourself away from tall buildings, trees, and poles. Stay in the open to avoid any accidents.

  2. Keep yourself under a table in case you are stuck inside a closed space. This should be done until the shaking slows down or stops completely. 

  3. Stay inside the car, bus, or truck if you are travelling. We should not come outside the vehicles until the shaking stops. 

3. What are the different natural disasters that you should be aware of?

Natural disasters happen naturally on the earth. It happens because some natural processes are on the Earth. Imagine there is a water cut in your house for two days, and there is no water available till 200 km from your place. Because of this natural absence of water, a natural calamity will be caused. The absence of water can cause drought, and so on. 

There are different types of natural disasters.

  1. Tsunami

  2. Flood

  3. Drought

  4. Storm

  5. Cold Waves

  6. Cyclone

  7. Tuberculosis

  8. Earthquakes

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