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CBSE Class 8 Political Science Worksheet Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation - PDF

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Last updated date: 15th Apr 2024
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CBSE Political Science Worksheet Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation - Download Free PDF

Understanding Marginalisation Class 8 questions and answers PDF is a useful resource for CBSE students. It aids in giving them a good understanding of society. Students will discover two communities in India currently regarded as social outcasts. Additionally, you will study Adivasis, stereotypes of Adivasis, their evolution, the connections between the social and economic aspects of tribal life, marginalisation of minorities, the socio-economic standing of the Muslim community, and how various groups have dealt with this issue.

Learning about the marginalization of communities helps students get ready and accomplish their intended objectives. A media article claimed that minorities, who comprise 14% of India's population but only 4% of its Parliament, were becoming more anxious. Marginalization excludes a community or group of people from the majority due to their language, traditions, or religion.

Access Worksheet for Class 8 Political Science Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation

1. What do you mean by marginalisation?


2. Who is “Adivasis”? 


3. In which Indian states can you find the majority of Adivasis? 


4. Why is Adivasis society most distinctive in nature?


5. Why do Adivasis practice a wide range of tribal religions? 


6. What are the surrounding religions that the Adivasis have always been influenced by? 


7. Why do other people in India believe Adivasis are exotic, primitive, and backward? 


8. Why Adivasis are blamed for their lack of advancement?


9. Why do you think some empires highly depended on Adivasis for forest resources in history? 


10. Why do you think today’s Adivasis are somewhat marginal and powerless communities? 


11. Why do you think the Adivasis get caught in a cycle of poverty and deprivation?


12. What do you mean by the term ‘Minorities’? 


13. Fill in the blanks:

  1. _______ was displaced due to a refinery project that was held in Odisha. 

  2. ______ rates among the tribals are very low. 

  3. There exists an interconnectedness between the _______ and _______ of tribal life. 

  4. In the northeastern part of India, the land of tribes or Adivasis remain highly _______. 


14. State true and False:

  1. Safeguards were provided to the minority community.

  2. If safeguards are not offered to minority communities then it can lead to cultural domination.

  3. Adivasis used to live in areas that were rich in natural resources and minerals.

  4. The government acts differently when it comes to Adivasis or marginalisation. 


15. What is the relation between minorities and marginalisation?


16. Name the three types of marginalisation. 


17. Why are Muslims in India considered to be a marginalised community? 


18. What was examined during the high-level committee in 2005? 


19. What were the other economic and social marginalisation experienced by Muslims? 


20. Do you think the lives of marginalised people change? If yes, then explain. 


21. Choose the correct answer:

  1. Can the right to freedom of religion be contested on the grounds of ?

(i) Public policy 

(ii) Morality 

(iii) Health 

(iv) All of the above


  1. India is 

(i) Supports one religion

(ii) Ruled by diverse religion

(iii) Both (i) and (ii)

(iv) None of the above


(c) Secularism is added in the Indian constitution in which amendment?

(i) 46th Amendment 

(ii) 42th Amendment 

(iii) 35th Amendment 

(iv) 9th Amendment 


(d) Religiously Sikhs’s wear _______.

(i) Suit

(ii) Pagri

(iii) Suit

(iv) All of the above


22. What is the treatment of non-Muslims like in Saudi Arabia?


23. What transpired in the Jewish state of Israel?


24. What exactly does the phrase "secularism" mean?


25. What instances of religion-related behaviour does history give us?


Answers for the Worksheet:

1. Marginalisation is the act of treating someone or something differently than others. The marginalisation could be because of their language, culture, the way they dress, the way they communicate, their beliefs, and many more. 


2. The meaning of the word “Adivasis” is “original inhabitants”. These people have a deep connection with forests and their natural resources. There are more than 450 Adivasis groups in India. 


3. Adivasis are particularly found in some Indian states like Jharkhand, Assam, Manipur, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh,  Odisha, Gujarat, West Bengal, and a few more. 


4. The Adivasi society is highly distinctive in nature because this community does not follow any hierarchy. When there is no hierarchy there is no discrimination and as a result, makes Adivasis are radically different from communities that follow caste or were ruled by kings. 


5. Over the years Adivasis have practiced religions that were different from Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam. Adivasis often worshipped their ancestors, village, and nature spirits. This helped them associate well with nature and its beauty. 


6. The common surrounding religions that the Adivasis were most influenced by were Buddhism, Shakta, Bhakti, Christianity, and Vaishnav. 


7. History says Adivasis were one of the advanced communities in medicine and farming. In today’s world, these people are not given many chances to prove themselves. Instead, they are portrayed in various stereotypical ways such as in colourful costumes, dancing strangely, headgear, and many more. 


8. Adivasis are blamed for their lack of advancement because they are highly immune to change. It is believed their community does not like changing themselves or implying any new ideas. 


9. Adivasis are known to have originated from forests. It will be obvious these people will know how to survive in the hardest conditions. So, the ruling empire was highly dependent on Adivasis for these products. 


10. Today’s Adivasis are marginal and powerless communities because they are not given any opportunities by the government. They are not just losing lands and homes but culture, people, and opportunities. 


11. Adivasis get caught in a cycle of poverty and deprivation because they lose their lands and access to forests. Now, in search of food and land, these people move to cities and are employed for very low wages. As a result, they are caught in a cycle of poverty and deprivation. 


12. The word minorities mean a smaller number or part. Minorities could be small groups of people following the same religion or culture. 


13.

  1. Gobindha Maran

  2.  Literacy

  3. Economic and social dimensions

  4.  Militarised


14.

  1. True 

  2. True 

  3. True

  4. True 


15. The sizes of these groups are what makes them different, the rest of everything is the same for both groups. This is one of the reasons why safeguards are needed for minorities in the country. 


16. Marginalisation can be done or it exists in multiple forms and in many groups. The three main types of marginalisation are social marginalisation, political marginalisation, and economic marginalisation. 


17. Muslims are considered to be a marginalised community because, in comparison to other communities in India, Muslims have been deprived of the benefits of socio-economic development. 


18. The high-level committee in 2005 was chaired by Justice Rajindar Sachar and he examined the social, economical, and educational status of the Muslim community. 


19. The other social marginalisation experienced by Muslims was minorities, the customs and practices were sometimes distinct from what is seen in the mainstream. 


20. Yes, the lives of marginalised people change. It is because when there is marginalisation it always results in having a low social status and not having equal access to anything. 


21. 

  1. (iv) All of the above

  2. (ii) Ruled by diverse religion

  3. (ii) 42

  4. (ii) Pagri


22. In Saudi Arabia, non-Muslims are not permitted to construct temples, churches, or other similar structures, nor are they permitted to pray in public places.


23. In the Jewish state of Israel, minorities of Muslims and Christians had poor treatment.


24. The phrase "secular" alludes to this division between the state and religion.


25. We have many examples of persecution, exclusion, and discrimination based on religion in history.


Benefits of Class 8 Political Science Understanding Marginalisation

Understanding Marginalisation Class 8 practice questions will improve fundamental conceptual understanding. Our exercises contain complete solutions to all essential questions, greatly simplifying the idea for learners.


The Class 8 Political Science Understanding Marginalisation answer is a comprehensive resource for teachers of students in Class 8. Through the use of these political Science, Students can gain knowledge and understanding about the development of the country and become better citizens of society


Mostly Asked Questions of Understanding Marginalisation Class 8

Here are some commonly asked questions in Understanding Marginalisation Class 8:

Q1. Establish that there is a connection between social and economic marginalisation? Why?

Ans. Economic and social marginalisation are related to one another. A social group that has been marginalised from society has fewer opportunities for skill development and education. This prevents those from marginalised groups from having sufficient access to high-quality healthcare, which in turn prevents a child from a marginalised group from growing up to be a stable adult who would otherwise be able to ensure a higher wage. Individuals that are left behind in socio-economic growth consequently experience economic marginalisation.


Q2. Imagine that a friend of yours says, "Look at these tribal folks," as you watch the Republic Day parade on television. They seem so far away. They also appear to be constantly dancing. Describe three things you would tell her about Adivasi life in India.

Ans. The forests are well-known to the Adivasis. They led nomadic lives as hunters and gatherers. They both engaged in shifting agriculture and stationary farming. During India's pre-colonial era, their extensive knowledge of forests made them valuable to the kings of numerous countries. They speak their language and are credited with helping develop Bengali, among other Indian languages.


Q3. In a debate, you must give arguments in favour of the claim that Muslims are a marginalised group. Give two explanations, citing the information from this chapter as support.

Ans. According to the data in the chapter, only 59% of Muslims in India are literate, which is the lowest rate compared to 65% of Hindus, 70% of Sikhs, 73% of Buddhists, 80% of Christians, and 94% of Jains. Additionally, the prestigious Indian Administrative Service Cadre only has 3% Muslims as members. The statistics mentioned above confirm that Muslims in India are a minority group.


Q4. Give one reason why you believe the protections provided by the Constitution for minority communities are crucial.

Ans. Due to the dominant community may culturally dominate the minority communities and push the minority communities into the background, measures to protect minority communities are essential.


Q5. Read the section on marginalisation and minorities. What do you mean when you say "minority"?

Ans. A community that is numerically small compared to the rest of the population is considered a minority. A minority is a distinct religious group that makes up a small proportion of the overall religious population.

As one of its fundamental rights, the Indian Constitution protects linguistic and religious minorities and guarantees they do not experience prejudice or discrimination. Christians, Sikhs, Muslims, and other minorities are present in India.


Key Features of Class 8 Understanding Marginalisation 

Understanding Marginalisation Class 8 extra questions and answers are available on Vedantu’s website. You can easily download the free Understanding Marginalisation ch 7 Civics Class 8 on any device suitable to you. Understanding Marginalisation Class 8 PDF is curated by our experts to meet students' needs to offer the highest quality of education. 

  • Understanding Marginalisation Class 8 PDF has been well-formulated following the latest CBSE guidelines.

  • Solving many Understanding Marginalisation questions and answers will help you grasp prevailing issues in society quickly.

  • Understanding Marginalisation Class 8 practice questions PDF will improve fundamental conceptual understanding of all parts and sections of people and their rights.

Based on the students' IQ levels, the subject matter specialists at Vedantu's provide clear and concise explanations of the topics. Understanding Marginalisation Class 8 questions and answers are a must-read for students who want to do well in exams. Our Solutions to the exercises provided here are easy to understand and accurate.

FAQs on CBSE Class 8 Political Science Worksheet Chapter 7 Understanding Marginalisation - PDF

1. What does the term "marginalisation" mean to you in a nutshell?

The process of forcing a particular social group to dwell on the periphery rather than in the centre is known as marginalization.

2. Why are Adivasis marginalised?

Adivasis are being ostracised more and more because, in the first place, they adhere to a different culture, language, and tradition than the majority of Indians, which causes us to categorize them as exotic, primitive, and backwards mistakenly.

3. Who in India fought against marginalisation?

Babasaheb Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi were two of the most well-known individuals who opposed untouchability in India.

4. What services does the government provide to the marginalised?

By offering reservations, educating individuals about equal recognition, and enacting legal changes to stop this type of prejudice, the government can improve the status of marginalized communities.

5. What kinds of marginalisation exist?

Numerous groups are subject to marginalisation, which takes many different forms. However, political, economic, and social marginalisation are the three primary forms of marginalisation.