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English Grammar for Class 8 The Verb

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Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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Class 8 The Verb English Grammar - Importance of English Grammar for Class 8 Students

English Grammar for Class 8 The Verb is basically the study of grammar to excel in the English language. Thus, the students must take English Grammar as one of the core subjects quite seriously. Also, students who are further attempting to study for masters and higher education in the English language must not fuss with this subject at their basic levels. In these classes, learning effective grammar will take a student on a long career development path.


In this article, we will be studying Class 8 The Verb English Grammar and we will be notifying you about the topics that are included in the Class 8 th English Grammar Syllabus 2023-24. Students must note that we are discussing the general syllabus for Class 8 The Verb English Grammar, you must once cross-check with your own respective school’s or board’s syllabus for 2023-24.

English Grammar for Class 8 Verbs Download Free PDF

The idea of verbs is explained in today's lesson. The article starts with the definition first, then the types of verbs. The article also goes through each of the categories of verbs in detail, including examples and characteristics. For good understanding and concept clarity, practice questions and solved examples are provided throughout the article. Let's start our journey on this beautiful topic.


Introduction to English Grammar


Introduction to English Grammar


What is a verb?

Verbs are those words that indicate an action or what the subject is doing. They are part of eight components of parts of speech. Apart from action words, the verb also includes a word that expresses feelings or expression, state or condition. A few examples  of verbs are given below:


1. Bark

2. Play

3. Love

4. Envy

5. Cherish

6. Recognize

7. Appreciate

8. Will be

9. Should

10. Has


Types of Verbs


Types of Verbs


Types of Verbs:

 Verbs are classified into various categories per their function and role in a sentence.


  • Transitive Verbs:

Transitive verbs are action verbs that always convey possible actions that relate to or have an impact on someone or something else. These other things are often direct objects, nouns, or pronouns that are impacted by the verb, however some verbs, like  show, take, and make, can also accept an indirect object. A transitive verb transfers the verb's action to someone or something else in the sentence.


For example,

  1. Love

  2. Respect

  3. Tolerate


The following sentences are instances of transitive verbs.

Gangadhar ate the cookies.

She kicked Meena.


  • Intransitive Verbs:

Intransitive verbs are action verbs that always represent possible actions. Because intransitive verb lacks a direct object, they differ from transitive verbs.


For example,

  1. Walk

  2. Laugh

  3. Run


The following sentences are instances of intransitive verbs.

We travelled to Ladakh.

He arrived with lots of chocolates.


  • Regular Verbs:

Regular verbs are those that have the suffixes "-d" or "-ed" at the end of the word to create both their past simple tense and past participle forms. This is typically the only variation in the word's spelling for normal verbs.


Basic Form

Past Simple Tense

Past Participle

Past Simple Tense

Past Participle

Play

Played

Played

Walk

Walked

Walked


  • Irregular Verbs:

By definition, irregular verbs do not conform to the spelling rules that we can use to produce the past simple tense and past participles. So, in order to learn how to spell these forms, you must memorise them for each irregular verb separately.


Basic Form

Past Simple Tense

Past Participle

Past Simple Tense

Past Participle

See

Saw

Seen

Sit 

Sat

Sat


  • Linking Verbs:

Verbs that describe the topic rather than demonstrating an action are known as linking verbs. While words like "walk" or "jump" denote an activity, linking words like "be" or "seem" give the topic more context, as in "he seems pleasant" or "she is an architect."


Examples:
I am seventeen years old. 

She seems upset.


  • Finite verb:

Person, number, and tense are all indicated via the inflection of finite verb forms. A finite verb can be the single main verb in the sentence.


Example: I go to school daily.

She goes to the temple every day.

He went there.


  • Non-finite verb:

The person, number, and tense are not indicated by non-finite verb forms. Infinitives, gerunds, and participles make up the majority of non-finite forms in English.


Example,


Infinitive

Gerund

Past Participle

Go

I will go to the museum.

Going

I will be going to the museum.

Gone

He has gone to the museum.


Difficult Word Meaning:

      Word

Definition

Express

conveys (an idea or feeling) verbally, or by action and body language.

Combination

terms commonly appear in pairs or small groups in the corpus

Frequent

occurring often or being performed numerous times quickly.

Transitive

capable of receiving a direct item

Auxillary

giving supplemental or extra assistance and support.


Summary

In this chapter, we studied Verbs. A verb is a task or action that the subject does. They do matter a lot when it comes to English grammar. Even when a subject is just existing, verbs, which are the fundamental components of sentences and phrases, indicate what that subject is thinking or feeling. In addition, a verb is the only word type that is unquestionably necessary to create a sentence. Even words that signify objects, such as nouns, are not required to be used in every sentence. The purpose of verbs is to describe what is being done or how someone, something, or both is feeling. Nouns have many different functions in sentences. The subject of a sentence can be a noun, such as a person or an object engaged in the action denoted by the verb.


Practice questions

A. Fill in the blanks with the correct Verb


1. How does a butterfly ______ its colour?
(a)get
(b)getting


2. She ______ cricket everyday.
(a) play
(b) plays


3. You _____ come urgently.
(a) may
(b) must


4. Anybody _____ make mistake.
(a) can
(b) should


B. Translate the following verbs into their past and past participle forms.


Main Verb

Past Tense

Past Participles

Worry



Shake



Drink



Survive




C. Determine if the highlighted verbs were used in which form in the phrases below.


1. Ring the bell, Vidhi. (Transitive / Intransitive)

2. Paul has accepted the job offer. (Regular/Irregular)

3. The perfume smelled amazing. (Regular/Irregular/Linking)

4. She is watching television. (Finite/Infinite)


Answers:

A. 

1. How does a butterfly get its colour?

2. She plays cricket every day.

3. You must come urgently.

4. Anybody can make mistake.


B. 

Main Verb

Past Tense

Past Participles

Worry

Worried

Worried

Shake

Shook

Shaken

Drink

Drank

Drunk

Survive

Survived

Survived


C. 

1. Transitive Verb

2. Regular Verb

3. Linking Verb

4. Infinite Verb


NCERT Solutions - Class 8 The Verb Grammar Solution

NCERT Solutions for English Grammar serves as a comprehensive solution book for the students of Class 8  The Verb who are willing to expertise in the English Grammar subject.


The Class 8th English Grammar syllabus is comprehensively mentioned in this NCERT Solutions. Exhaustive Class 8 Grammar topics are present in the NCERT Solutions. Also, this is to ensure that students from any board can refer to the NCERT Solutions for English Grammar Class 8 The Verb.

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