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English Grammar Class 6 - The Sentence

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Last updated date: 19th Apr 2024
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English Grammar Class 6 The Sentence - Download Free PDF With Solution

In English, correct sentence formulation is the foundation of speaking and writing English properly. With the proper guidance and practice, students of Class 6 can gain command over sentences, which will boost their confidence and be helpful in higher studies.

In Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 1, you’ll learn what a sentence is, its types (assertive, interrogative, exclamatory, imperative, optative) and how to identify them based on the sentence. Students easily understand this grammatical concept through worksheets and exercises.

English Grammar for Class 6 Download Free PDF

English grammar is the set of grammatical rules that regulate the English language. This involves the arrangement of particular words, phrases, clauses, sentences, paragraphs, etc. We'll go over some of the crucial sixth-grade English grammar topics in the article. For better comprehension and idea clarity, practise questions and solved examples are provided throughout the article along with the topic's specifics. Let's get started exploring this interesting topic.

Introduction to English Grammar


Introduction to English Grammar

Noun, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection are some of the most important topics in English Grammar for grade six. Let’s study them one by one:


Sentences

The Sentences


The Sentences

  • Generally speaking, a sentence is described as a word or set of words that convey a comprehensive notion by making a declaration or providing an order, asking a question, or proclaiming. There are four types of sentences:

  • Affirmative sentences

  • Interrogative (or question) sentences

  • Imperative sentences

  • Exclamatory sentences


Declarative or Assertive Sentences: An informative sentence that finishes with a period or a full stop is referred to as a declarative or assertive sentence.

Example: I enjoy reading fantasy books.


Imperative Sentences: A sentence that expresses a request, an order, or a command is referred to as an imperative sentence.

Examples: When you arrive, please pick up the notes.


Interrogative Sentence: An interrogative sentence asks a question and has a question mark at the conclusion.

Example: What was the title of the movie you were viewing, for instance?


Exclamatory Sentence: An exclamatory sentence ends in an exclamation mark and is used to express quick, powerful emotions. Interjections can also be used to create exclamatory sentences.

Examples: Wow, this is really good!


Subject: The subject of the sentence is the portion that identifies the person or thing that we are talking about. 

Example: A young guy moves quickly.


Predicate: The predicate of a sentence is the portion that provides information about the topic.

Example: A young boy moves quickly.


Tenses

The concept of tense is crucial to understanding English grammar. t shows the shape the verb took to understand the context being discussed.

There are 3 main types of Tenses. They are:

  • Present tense

  • Past tense

  • Future tense.


Present Tense: When something happens in the present, it is referenced or indicated using this tense. When something is being stated or written about as it is happening in the present, the simple present or indefinite present tense is employed to describe it.

Example: Barking dogs, for instance.


Past Tense: When referring to the past, the past simple tense is employed. The past tense can also be referred to as the "simple past tense.

For example, we stayed at a hotel.


Future Tense: When speaking or writing, this tense is used to refer to or suggest something that hasn't yet occurred. "Simple Future Tense" is frequently created by combining the phrases "will" and "shall."

Example: we'll arrive by midday.


Verbs

This is the most crucial section of a speech because a phrase cannot exist without a verb. Simply expressed, this is a word that indicates the subject of a sentence's action (physical or mental) or state of being.

Example:

Am, is, was, are, and were are some examples of "State of Being Verbs."

The verbs in a sentence are the action words that describe what the subject is doing. Verbs, which describe what is happening, are the primary component of a sentence or phrase together with nouns. Thre are two types of verbs: Finite and Non- Finite.


              Finite Verbs

              Non-Finite Verbs

A verb that shows time or a verb that is limited by the number, person, and gender of the subject is known as a Finite verb.

A verb that does not show time or a verb that is not limited by the number, person, and tense of the subject is known as a Non-Finite verb.

Examples:

Neha writes letters.

They write letters.

Examples:

Raman tries to sing.

We try to sing. They try to sing.


Noun:

Noun is described as a word that refers to the names of people, places, things, states, or attributes in plain English. The noun is a grammatical constituent that has both solitary and plural forms.

Examples: 

  • The father of Rahul is a doctor.

  • Rishi used only his hands to catch a bug.

An object (Example: a book), a character (Example: Betty Crocker), a creature (Example: a cat), a location (Example: Omaha), a trait (Example: softness), a concept (Example: equity), or action are all nouns. 


Types of the Noun: It Describes About the Grammar Concept Called Noun

  1. Common noun.

  2. Proper noun.

  3. Abstract noun.

  4. Concrete noun.


Noun Type

Examples

Common noun

Building, cloud, goat, tree

Proper noun

Brexit, Michelle Obama, New York

Abstract noun

communication, happiness, wealth

Concrete noun

Car, house, light, rain

Pronoun:

Pronouns are speech components that take the place of nouns in sentences. The pronouns I, it, he, she, mine, his, hers, we, they, theirs, and ours are a few instances.

Examples:

  • He is very tall and handsome.

A pronoun is something that denotes an individual or object. As an example he, she, they, I, her, etc. You can describe somebody or something by using a pronoun when you don't need to utilize a noun, usually because the subject has already been specified.

Types of Pronouns

Pronounds can be categorized into eight types. These are:

  1. Possessive Pronouns:

It is a pronoun indicating possession, for example mine, yours, hers, theirs.

  1. Personal Pronouns:

They are pronouns that are associated primarily with a particular grammatical person - first person, second person, or third person.

  1. Relative Pronouns:

It is a pronoun that marks a relative clause and serves the purpose of conjoining modifying information about an antecedent referent.

  1. Reflexive Pronouns:

Reflexive pronouns are words which refer back to a person or thing like myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves.

  1. Indefinite Pronouns:

This type of pronoun doesn’t refer to any specific person, amount or thing.

  1. Demonstrative Pronouns:

It is a type of pronouns which is used to demonstrate any object or something or to point to something in a sentence. 

  1. Interrogative Pronouns:

An interrogative Pronoun is used to ask a question.

  1. Intensive Pronouns:

An Intensiove Pronoun is a type of pronoun that references back to the antecedent or subject of the sentence.


Nouns are replaced by pronouns. When something or someone has already been discussed, it is used.



Subject Pronoun



Object Pronouns


Possessive Adjectives

Possessive Pronouns

I

Me

My

Mine

You

You

Your

Yours

He

Him

His

His

She

Her

Her

Hers

It

It

Its

Its

We

Us

Our

Ours

You

You

Your

Yours

They

Them

Their

Theirs

Adjectives:

The Adjectives describe how to build a relevant Noun or Pronoun by incorporating a word. Interrogative,  Descriptive , and proper adjectives are various types of adjectives.

Examples:

  • Sheena wore a beautiful dress.

  • She writes meaningless letters.

Determiners:

A determiner belongs to the category of words that are employed to alter nouns or their synonyms. Determiners are commonly used before descriptive adjectives to help clarify what a noun refers to.

Types of Determiners:

  • Possessive Determiners.

  • Numeral Determiners.

  • Demonstrative Determiners.

  • Quantitative Determiners, are the types of determiners.

Examples of Determiners:

  • These are my childhood pictures.

  • His gossips are out of the world.

Adverb: Adverbs are used to describe words just like adjectives, but unlike adjectives, they can describe other adjectives, verbs, or other adverbs.

  • Adverbial of Style

  • Time adverbs

  • location adverbs

  • Degree Adverbs

Examples: Her attire revealed her charmingly quirky personality.

Conjunction: A conjunction is a speech component that connects words, phrases, or clauses.

  • Conjunction examples include and, yet, but, for, nor, or, and so.

Preposition: Prepositions serve as connectors in sentences, joining nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words. They serve as a link between the subjects, predicates, verbs, and contexts of a phrase.

  • Prepositional phrases like above, below, throughout, outside, before, near, and some are examples.


Interjection: In this section of a speech, we discuss words that convey feelings. Interjections are frequently used to express intense feelings, hence an exclamation point is normally added after them.

Examples:

  • Ouch! That had to hurt.

  • Yay, we prevailed!

Difficult Words and Their Meanings

Words 

Meanings

Notion

belief about something.

employed

having a paid job

Discourse

written or spoken communication 

Convey

to carry from one place to another 

Crucial

extremely important


Practice Questions

1. What class of noun names items that can be perceived through sight, sound, touch, smell, or taste?

  1. Concrete

  2. Abstract

  3. Infinitive

  4. Relative

2. What kind of noun is highlighted in the sentence below?: Adam drove through the narrow alley?

  1. Proper

  2. Common

  3. Concrete

  4. Both A and C

3. Fill the blank with suitable Adjective: 

  • The _______ prize was won by a Hindu. (Great/First/One)

  • Suddenly there arose a _____ storm. (Violent/Many/Great)


4. . Fill the blank with suitable verb: Do you think he ___ what I said?

  1. understood

  2. understanding

  3. Understand

Answers:

  1. The correct answer is the option (a) Concrete.

  2. The correct answer is option (b) Common.

  3. Fill the blank with suitable Adjective: 

  • The first prize was won by a Hindu. 

  • Suddenly there arose a violent storm. 

  1. The correct answer is the option ( a) understood.

Benefits of Learning Sentences in Class 6 English Grammar

  • A sentence is very fluid and is important when it comes to English grammar. Understanding the types will showcase their meaning efficiently.

  • A sentence is crucial in communication and offers more validity on the topic of discussion/writing.

  • Most students struggle to keep track of sentences, so studying this as an individual topic will further enhance one’s basic knowledge of English grammar.

  • Being oblivious of the types of sentences will not be good for students. Hence, learning more about them will boost the grammatical precision of the sentences suitably.

Examples of Usage of a Sentence for Class 6

The few ways in which the exercises are practised in Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 1 are illustrated below :-

  1. Identify the type of sentences given below :-

  • Alas! Woe is me.

  • We strike at dawn.

  • How could you do this to her?

2) Fill in the correct words to make accurate sentences :-

  • Do _____ fail me this time.

  • _____ I’m sorry!

  • You are the killer, aren’t _____?

Interesting Facts About Sentences for Class 6

  • There are a total of 5 sentence types - imperative, optative, assertive, exclamatory and interrogative.

  • An imperative sentence states any advice, command, request or proposal. For example, please don’t spare him.

  • An optative sentence proclaims wishes, curses, blessings or prayers. For example, I will haunt you till the end of time (curse).

  • An assertive sentence affirms or negates any fact. For example, she was asleep during the murder.

  • An exclamatory sentence expresses any emotion/feeling and will contain exclamation marks. For example, Yes! I’m free!

  • An interrogative sentence is an enquiry and is always a question. For example, Have you ever seen mermaids?

Important Topics of Class 6 English Chapter 1

These are the following topics you’ll be learning for class 6 English grammar chapter 1 -

  • What is a sentence?

  • What are the types of sentences, and how to identify them?

  • Mention the type of sentence.

  • Create an assertive, exclamatory, etc. sentence on your own.

Class 6 Chapter 1 Free PDF Download

  • The class 6 English grammar solutions PDF that contains worksheets and exercises can be downloaded from Vedantu.

  • This PDF will assist you in getting to know adequate information about any sentence and its types.

  • There are many helpful sub-modules of English grammar questions and answers for class 6, such as filling in the blanks, identifying the type of sentence, creating your sentences, etc.


Countless class 6 grammar book solutions are found on the well-equipped Vedantu website, delivering enough information that the young minds of class 6 will effortlessly understand.

Summary

We learned about some of the important topics of English Grammar for grade six. Various components of speech, including nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections are discussed in the article. Additionally, we study the various sentence patterns, including subject and predicate, as well as the distinction between finite and non-finite verbs. The practise questions and solutions will be covered in the final portion to help you learn everything clearly.

FAQs on English Grammar Class 6 - The Sentence

1. Are optative and exclamatory sentences similar?

The two sentences may seem very similar due to the usage of exclamation marks and expressive words. However, there is one distinct difference - optative sentences are passive and mostly describe wishes or prayers, whereas exclamatory sentences express various emotions in a raw manner. For example, “If only I were not from royalty!”, and “No, this isn’t supposed to happen!”, are optative and exclamatory sentences, respectively.

2. What is the shortest sentence?

“Go”, “I am”, “Eat”, and “Sit” are examples of short sentences acting as non-gerund verbs and as a flawless subject in itself, though most linguists might disagree since it lacks a predicate (describing the subject).

3. What are the types of interrogative sentences?

There are two types of interrogative sentences. There are 

  • Simple questions 

  • Wh-type questions

Simple questions contain helping words, and Wh-type questions begin with question words. For example, “Are you sure about this?” and “Who is your next victim?” are simple and Wh-type questions, respectively.