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English Grammar - Parts of a Sentence for Class 6

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Last updated date: 13th Apr 2024
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Class 6 English Grammar Parts of Sentence - Download Free PDF With Solution

Do you find it perplexing when it comes to the different parts of a sentence? Don’t panic, this usual confusion happens to the best of us. In English, the parts of a sentence are one of the most influential grammar topics for class 6. Once you familiarise yourself with them, they’ll soon help you gain more control over the English language, eventually sharpening your grammar skills as you progress to higher classes.


In CBSE class 6 english grammar chapter 2, you’ll be learning about the different parts of a sentence (subject and predicate) and how to identify them based on the sentence. Students easily understand this grammatical concept through worksheets and exercises.

English Grammar for Class 6 Parts of the Sentence Download Free PDF

In today’s lesson, we will discuss the essential topic of English grammar, and parts of the sentences. A simple sentence has two important parts which are Subject and Predicate. In this article example sentences along with answers have been illustrated. Practice questions and solved examples are given throughout the article for better understanding and concept clarity. Let’s begin the journey on this important topic.

Introduction to Grammar


Introduction to Grammar


Parts of a Sentence

  • A simple sentence has two main parts which are the Subject and the Predicate.

  • The Subject of the sentence refers to the word that commits an action that is being described. 

  • The Predicate of the sentence consists of a collection of words that describes the action or something in general.


Parts of Sentence


Parts of Sentence


Subject

  • The Subject of the sentence refers to the word that commits an action that is being described. 

  • In some cases, a subject may be Gerund. 

  • In the following examples, bold words are subjects.

  • The harp is a stringed instrument.

  • My house is beautiful.

  • Ladakh is a hill station.

  • India is a peninsula located on the Asian continent.

  • Indian Pomeleon is used to make pickles.

Examples of Subject that is a Gerund

Subject(Gerund)

Predicate

Smoking

is injurious to health in all aspects.

Seeing

is fun.

Swimming

is a fun activity

Walking

is good for health.

Examples of Subject that is Infinitive

Subject (Infinitive)

Predicate

To make mistakes

is human.

To forgive

is relieving.

To smoke

is harmful.

To walk

is good for the health.

Examples in Which the Subject is a Verb and the Object is a Gerund

Subject(Verb)

Object(Gerund)

Tina started

crying.

I hate

waiting at the station.

Prude enjoyed

playing with her friends.

My sister loves

reading books.

Sentence Structure

  • Every word in a sentence has a specific purpose within that respective sentence's structure. 

  • A sentence structure could be complicated.

  • The subject answers the question, of what or whom the sentence describes.

  • The simple subject constitutes a noun or pronoun. It can also have modifying words, clauses, or phrases.

Predicate

  • The predicate expresses the action that is done or the description within the sentence. 

  • The simple predicate contains a verb. It can also have modifying words, clauses, or phrases that represent the action the subject is performing.

  • In addition, there are other elements, associated with the subject or predicate, provide additional meaning or detail. 

  • All of these elements can be expanded and further give rise to simple, compound, complex, or complex-compound sentences which may have various parts of speech within one sentence and is meaningful.

Identify the Subject and the Predicate in the Below Sentences:


Subject and Predicate

 

Subject and Predicate


1. The sun was burning brightly.

2. The cats were making a loud noise.

3. The pretty girl was wearing a red dress.

4. My friend serves in the army.

5. The man and his wife were working in their house.

6. My and my father aunt are trained tailors.

7. You don’t have to wait for them to start.

8. We will no longer get these designs in the future.

9. The little bush was covered with plastics instead of leaves.

10. A rich merchant was passing by the boutique’s window.


Answers

1. The sun/(subject) was burning brightly/(predicate).

2. The cats/(subject) was making a loud noise/(predicate).

3. The pretty girl/(subject) was wearing a red dress/(predicate).

4. My friend/(subject) serves in the army/(predicate).

5. The man and his wife/(subject) were working in their house/(predicate).

6. My uncle and my father/(subject) are trained tailors/(predicate).

7. You/(subject) don’t have to wait for them to start/(predicate).

8. We/(subject) will no longer get these designs in the future/(predicate).

9. The little bush/(subject) was covered with plastics instead of leaves/(predicate).

10. A rich merchant/(subject) was passing by the boutique’s window/(predicate).


Difficult Words with  Meanings

Word

Meaning

Bush

Small plant

Complex

Difficult

Illustrate

Example

Passing

Moving

Practice Questions

Read the below sentences and identify the subject in them:

  1. Rani’s brother is ill.

  2. William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.

  3. The girls were playing nearby.

  4. The cattle are grazing in the open field.

  5. The baby is sleeping calmly.

Answers

  1. Rani’s brother is ill.

  2. William Shakespeare wrote Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet.

  3. The girls were playing nearby.

  4. The cattle are grazing in the open field.

  5. The baby is sleeping calmly.

Read the below sentences and identify the predicate in them:

  1. My sister studies in college.

  2. The flowers are pretty.

  3. The dog followed its master.

  4. Our parents do what’s good for us.

Answers:

  1. My sister studies in college.

  2. The flowers are pretty.

  3. The dog followed its master.

  4. Our parents do what’s good for us.

Benefits of Learning Parts of a Sentence in Class 6 English Grammar

  • The two parts of a sentence - subject and predicate, play one of the most crucial roles in English grammar. By using them correctly, the sentence’s meaning is portrayed smoothly. 

  • The parts of a sentence are a very necessary part of English grammar and provide subject/object-related information about the sentence.

  • Most students struggle to keep track of sentences, so studying this as an individual topic will further enhance one’s basic knowledge of English grammar.

  • Being aware of the parts of any sentence will make us grasp the differences, increasing the grammatical accuracy of a sentence accordingly.

Examples of Usage of Parts of a Sentence for Class 6

The few ways in which the exercises are practised in CBSE class 6 English grammar chapter 2 are illustrated below:-

1. Identify The Subject and Predicate for the Following -

  • Singing is therapeutic.

  • I love painting scenery.

  • There are too many stars in the sky.

2. Choose The Best Answer -

  • _____ is injurious to health.

  • They _____ .

  • _____ is very mysterious.

(The man from the coffee shop, drinking, ran away).

Interesting Facts About Parts of Sentences for Class 6

  • A subject is either a person/thing indulging in any action, or is just simply named/mentioned. For example, she is crying.

  • A predicate is a part of the sentence which brings forth detailed descriptions of the subject’s actions or conditions. For example, the cat is sleeping.

  • If the sentence begins with a gerund, (-ing ending word), then that word/verb alone is the subject and the rest of the sentence is the predicate. For example, crying over spilt milk is fruitless.

Important Topics of Class 6 English Grammar Chapter 2 Exercise

These are the following topics you will be learning by using parts of a sentence for class 6 -

  • What are the parts of a sentence and how to identify the subject/predicate in a sentence?

  • Underline and circle the subject and predicate of a sentence, respectively.

  • Fill in the blanks and create a sentence with the correct subject and predicate.

  • Knowing the enlargement of the subject and extension of the predicate.

Class 6 English Chapter 2 Free PDF Download

  • You can download the free PDF of all exercises and explanations of parts of a sentence from Vedantu. 

  • The PDF contains all the necessary material when it comes to learning about the parts of a sentence.

  • Printing out the PDF is preferred if in case you require a quick revision before your exam.

  • You will find many grammar exercises for CBSE class 6, like filling in the blanks, identifying the subject/predicate, creating your own sentences, etc., which will be very fruitful for exam preparations.

The professional editors at Vedantu offer various parts of sentence exercises for class 6 with answers which can be easily understood by the blossoming minds of class 6.

Summary

In this chapter, we discussed the concept of parts of sentences. There are two components to every full sentence: a subject and a predicate. It is the subject who is acting. The predicate explains what is happening and gives details about the topic. Sometimes the subject of a sentence or clause is referred to as the "identifying portion." It reveals the subject of the sentence or the person or thing that is acting in the sentence. Most frequently, the subject is a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase. The most crucial component is the primary verb of the predicate. There must always be a verb in predicates. Example sentences along with answers have been illustrated.

FAQs on English Grammar - Parts of a Sentence for Class 6

1. How do you easily identify the predicate in a sentence?

The predicate of a sentence is one that describes the action or the presence of the subject. It contains a number of words (extension of the predicate) that fall under the categories of:

  • Verb (they were flying)

  • Object (the Porsche is a car)

  • Enlargement of the object (the Rolls Royce is an amazing car)

  • Complement (she is an excellent artist)

2. What are the different types of a subject?

The subject is the doer of any action. The words (enlargement of the subject) present in it are -

  • Determiner (a dagger was thrown).

  • Adjective (a bloody dagger was thrown).

  • Adjective phrase (a bloody dagger with a rusty blade was thrown).

3. Can you form a sentence with a subject or a predicate alone?

No, any sentence that has either the subject or the predicate is a grammatically incorrect sentence, since a sentence requires only a subject (a noun or a pronoun) and a predicate (a verb).