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English Grammar Class 2 Sentences and Phrases - PDF

Last updated date: 25th Jul 2024
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English Grammar Sentence and Phrase for Class 2 – Download Free PDF with Solution

In today’s day and age, a firm grasp over the English language is extremely important. The journey to master the language begins at a tender age, and therefore, it is imperative to provide young minds with ancillary sources of learning, in addition to their school textbooks. To begin with, sentences and phrases are a vital lesson for Class 2 students, as it enables them to understand the nitty-gritty of forming sentences and then communicating in English. However, when young children of Class 2 learn English, they might be perplexed by its rules and grammar. Therefore, parents and teachers should always welcome some additional help.

To introduce make sentences in English for Class 2 students, it is important that teachers and parents take the assistance of interesting exercises. The learning process becomes much easier when issues that young minds find relatable are brought within the ambit of phrases and sentences.

English Grammar For Class 2 Sentences and Phrases Download Free PDF

In this article, we will study sentences and phrases. A sentence is a group of words that make complete sense. A sentence is a collection of two or more words that conveys a thought but do not fully express its meaning. The mentioned topic has been discussed in detail along with examples. Practice questions and solved examples are given throughout the article for better understanding and concept clarity. Let’s begin the journey on this important topic.

Introduction to grammar

Introduction to Grammar



Sentences consist of groups of words.

Phrases also consist of groups of words.

Sentences are meaningful and convey a complete idea.

Phrases do not convey a complete idea.

For example, I am going to the red carpet.

For example, “going to the red carpet”.




A sentence is defined as a sequence of words arranged in an order that expresses a complete idea. 

In other words, a sentence is a series of word arrangements that convey a complete idea within the grammatical rules of the language.

  • A simple sentence has two main parts which are the Subject and the Predicate.

  • The Subject of the sentence refers to the word that commits an action that is being described. 

  • The Predicate of the sentence consists of a collection of words that describes the action or something in general.

Examples of Sentences Are Given Below.

  • I get up at 5 o'clock.

  • Sonia is playing in the snow. 

  • Raj wants to eat pizza for dinner.

  • Who are you meeting today?

  • Tomorrow is a working day.

  • Sentences could be exclamatory, assertive, imperative, and interrogative.

Types of Sentences

Assertive Sentence

  • An assertive sentence is a descriptive sentence.

  • It gives out a piece of information.

  • For example, this is an apple.

Imperative Sentence

  • An imperative sentence provides instruction. It is often used to give orders or instructions.

  • A command, order, request, instruction, or piece of advice can all be expressed in an imperative sentence.

  • For example, Pease go to your room.

Interrogative Sentence

  • An interrogative sentence refers to a sentence in the form of a question.

  • They are used to elicit information from the listener.

  • It ends with a question mark(?)

  • For example, what are doing?

Exclamatory Sentence

  • An exclamatory sentence shows feelings of emotion, usually, surprise or shock.

  • It ends with an exclamatory mark(!)

  • For example, What beautiful scenery!




A Phrase is a group of words that makes sense but partially. They don’t contain a Subject and a Verb.

Some examples of phrases are given below.

  • for a shower 

  • the national flower of India 

  • on the shelf

  • the hospital staff

Difficult Words with Meaning










In this chapter, we started with the definition of sentences and phrases. We learned different uses of the phrases to form a sentence. The most significant linguistic structural units are sentences and phrases. Almost all languages are given structure and meaning by them. A sentence has meaning because of the phrases and clauses. It will aid in your memory of the word's definition and usage. It solidifies what you've learned. Save phrases that can give you an idea of how to overcome problems with prepositions, the usage of the article, or verb tenses if you struggle with any of these.

Practice Questions

Arrange The Words or Phrases to Make Meaningful Sentences

  1. The/ holiday/ is tomorrow/ a

  2. Why/ late/ are/ you/ always?

  3. Birthday/ today/ is/ my

  4. I/ new/ bag/ to/ want/ to/ buy/ a

  5. I/ call/ later/ and/ will/ you/ back/

  6. I / call you/ will/ back later

  7. Where/ going/ are you

  8. Such/  scenery/ beautiful

  9. Go/ try this and/ new restaurant

  10. Today/ for some reason/  is gloomy

  11. Please/ room today /clean your 

Identify The Type of Sentence

  1. Please shut the curtains.

  2. Do you like chocolates?

  3. My name is Renu.

  4. When are you leaving?

  5. Such a wonderful place!

  6. Please shut down the laptop.

  7. Do you like cake?

  8. My name is Sandy.

  9. Where are you going today?

  10. Such a beautiful island!

  11. Go and try this new flavour of ice cream.

  12. Today is a good day.

  13. Please clean your surroundings.

  14. Turn off all the electricals when you leave the room.

  15. May I come inside the classroom?

  16. How would you like your potatoes?

  17. I love reading novels.

  18. Never do something you’d regret.

  19. The Earth revolves around the Sun.

  20. Alas! We lost the award in the competition.

  21. Hurray! We won the tournament.

  22. Asia has a deep history.

  23. Always respect your partner.

  24. Do you know where Sam lives?

  25. Get out of the room.



Arrange The Words or Phrases to Make Meaningful Sentences

  1. Tomorrow is a holiday.

  2. Why are you always late?

  3. Today is my birthday.

  4. I want to buy a new bag.

  5. I will call you back later.

  6. Where are you going?

  7. Such beautiful scenery!

  8. Go and try this new restaurant.

  9. Today is gloomy for some reason.

  10. Please clean your room today.

Identify The Type of Sentence

  1. Imperative Sentence

  2. Interrogative Sentence

  3. Assertive Sentence

  4. Interrogative Sentence

  5. Exclamatory Sentence

  6. Imperative Sentence

  7. Interrogative Sentence

  8. Assertive Sentence

  9. Interrogative Sentence

  10. Exclamatory Sentence

  11. Imperative Sentence

  12. Assertive Sentence

  13. Imperative Sentence

  14. Imperative Sentence

  15. Interrogative Sentence

  16. Interrogative Sentence

  17. Assertive Sentence

  18. Imperative Sentence

  19. Assertive Sentence

  20. Exclamatory Sentence

  21. Exclamatory Sentence

  22. Assertive Sentence

  23. Imperative Sentence

  24. Interrogative Sentence

  25. Imperative Sentence

Importance of Sentence and Phrase for Class 2 Students 

The concept of sentence and phrase for Class 2 students is integral so that they learn word order and sentence structures. As Class 2 students are too young to prepare notes and curate exercises by themselves, the subject matter experts of Vedantu have prepared the topics keeping in mind the understanding level of Class 2 students.

  • As students get older and progress with English, it becomes more challenging to correct syntax problems. Therefore, sentence and phrase formation should be reinforced at a tender age.

  • The activity of framing sentences for Class 2 students also enhances their grammar. 

  • The written and spoken communication skills of children improve exponentially after they learn how to frame sentences.

Important Topics of Sentences and Phrases for Class 2 Students 

The Class 2 English Chapter 4 questions and answers of NCERT deal with sentences, phrases, and their formation. Some of the important topics covered in the chapter include –

  • Image Description

  • Sentence framing

  • Phrases

  • Comparing and distinguishing two tasks from one another

To introduce sentences for Class 2 students, taking assistance from the aforementioned exercises is important. 

Examples of Sentences for Class 2 Students

Some of the examples of sentence formation and phrases that you will find in Vedantu’s PDFs are –

  • Arun is studying

  • A cow eats grass

  • Cotton is light 

All the above three lines are sentences because they make complete sense by themselves. Moreover, in all the three aforementioned examples, we are talking about a person, an animal, or a thing. In the first example, we are talking about Arun, in the second example, we are talking about the cow, and lastly we are mentioning cotton. Likewise, the three examples of sentences also highlight what it is that we are saying about the concerned person, animal, or thing. Therefore, to introduce make sentences in English for Class 2 students, it is essential to incorporate simplicity along with things that they will find relevant.

Some Interesting Facts about Sentences and Phrases for Class 2 Students 

  • A sentence is a group of words that make complete sense or meaning.

  • A sentence always begins with a capital letter.

  • The words of a sentence are positioned in a proper sequence.

  • A sentence must have a verb.

  • A sentence ends with a full stop or an exclamation mark.

  • There are four types of sentences – interrogative sentences, imperative sentences, declamatory sentences, and exclamatory sentences.

  • I am’ is the shortest sentence in the word. 

Using interesting facts is a good way to make sentences for Class 2 students, and sprinkle some more fun and excitement into the learning process.

Download PDF of Sentences and Phrases Grade 2 from Vedantu

You can now download sentence formation and image description exercises and sample questions for Class 2 students from Vedantu’s mobile application or website. Practising English sentence framing is easier than ever with the assistance of Vedantu’s subject matter experts. 

  • Vedantu’s PDFs have several interesting tips and tricks for young minds to easily grasp the concept of sentence formation and ordering of words. 

  • The content follows the CBSE English and Grammar curriculum and is regularly updated. 

  • The PDFs are downloadable for free with a click of the mouse.

The subject matter experts of Vedantu have provided an exhaustive list of practice samples and assignments related to sentences and phrases for young minds. When you go through the make sentences in English for Class 2 PDF, you will realise that your child does not need to look elsewhere to learn the fundamentals of English language sentence formation.

FAQs on English Grammar Class 2 Sentences and Phrases - PDF

1. What is an example of a jumbled sentence?

An example of a jumbled sentence is ‘pigeon/the/is/tree/on/the.’ The solution is – The pigeon is on the tree.

2. What is the easiest way to make young children learn sentence formation?

The easiest way to make young children learn sentence formation is through fun and interesting activities such as jumbled words, match the following, image descriptions, and so forth.

3. What is a phrase?

In the English language, a phrase is a group of words that express a concept and is used as a unit within a sentence. As opposed to sentences, a phrase does not have a subject and a verb and cannot convey a complete thought.