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Who invented the ‘’power loom’’?

Last updated date: 22nd Jun 2024
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Hint: - The word looms means the device that is used in weaving yarn or thread to produce the fabric. The power loom is the device that is operated by water, steam, or electricity rather than by hands. The invention of the power loom was important as it reduced the time of manufacturing fabric as compared to the traditional handlooms.

Complete Answer:
The power loom was invented by Edmund Cartwright who was a British inventor. In the year 1784 Edmund Cartwright designed the first power loom, when he visited the factory owned by Richard Arkwright he got inspired and thought to start working to produce a machine that would improve the speed and quality of weaving and he succeeded in producing a machine in 1785 known as power loom. It took almost 47 years for Kenworthy and Bullough to make this completely automatic and named it Lancashire loom. The invention of the power loom brought a significant development in the early industrial revolution. The invention of the power loom mechanized the process of producing fabric by reducing the need for humans to overlook the process of weaving. The weaving process was sped up by the invention of the power loom that allows the manufacture of fabric at a faster rate and produces more fabric in less time. The invention of the power loom minimized the demand for skilled handweavers, for example in the year 1816 two thousand weavers tried to destroy the power loom mills as a mark of protest and also stoned the workers.

Note: Edmund Cartwright set up a factory in Doncaster, in England to manufacture the textiles. The invention of power looms increased the process of manufacturing fabric although Cartwright died in 1823 throughout the 19th-century power loom had an intense impact on the industrial revolution.