Which plant and animal represent endangered organisms in India? A. Banyan and Black buck B. Tamarind and Rhesus monkey C. Cinchona and Leopard D. Bentinckia nicobarica and Red Panda
Hint: Endangered species is a plant or animal which have reached a critical level and their habitat have been drastically reduced therefore they are more likely to become extinct.
Complete answer: Endangered organisms are those which are most likely to get extinct in the future due to the factors such as habitat loss, poaching, invasive species etc.
These species which are near extinction in the future are known as threatened species. IUCN is The international Union of Conservation of Nature which is the authority for these threatened species and they have classified these threatened species as of group of three categories which are-
Vulnerable species- These are vulnerable to get extinct but they have less chances to get extinct very early as compared to the endangered species. Endangered species- These are likely to get extinct in the near future. Critically endangered species- These are critically endangered that they are at most risk of early extinction.
> If we look at options then the option A which is Banyan and Black buck. These are not endangered in India. So, this is not the correct option.
> Moving to option B which is Tamarind and Rhesus monkey. These are also not declared as endangered species in India. So, this option is also not the correct one.
> Option C is Cinchona and Leopard. These are also not endangered in India. So, this is also not the correct one.
> Option D is Bentinckia nicobarica and Red Panda. Both of these are declared as endangered species in India.
Hence, The correct answer is option (D).
Note: Bentinckia nicobarica and Red Panda are declared as endangered species in India and all the other options are not declared for the same which makes this option clearly the correct one. Plant Bentinckia nicobarica belongs to the Arecaceae family.