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Which part of the human eye controls the amount of light entering the eye?
A.Cornea
B.Retina
C.Pupil
D.Iris

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Last updated date: 15th Apr 2024
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MVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint Cornea is the outer covering of the eye. The retina is the part of the eye that senses the light entering our eyes. The pupil is the black hole in the center of the eye that lets the light in the eye. Iris is the part of the eye that controls how much light enters our eye.

Complete answer:
Let’s discuss all the given options
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Cornea - The cornea is the front portion of the eye that is translucent and protects the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
Retina - The retina is a thin tissue layer that covers the inside of the back of the eye. It is positioned next to the optic nerve. The retina aims to receive light focused by the lens, translate the light into neural signals, and transmit these signals for visual recognition to the brain.
Pupil - The black core of the eye is the pupil. Its job is to let light in and concentrate it on the retina so that you can see.
Iris - Iris is the part of the eye that determines the color of the eye. It is a pigmented muscular ring. The pigment of the iris is due to melanin. The most visible portion of the eye lies in front of the crystalline lens and separates the anterior chamber to the posterior chamber.
Iris is a pigmented muscular ring responsible for controlling the amount of light entering the eye by adjusting the size of the pupil. The pupil is the present center in the iris through which light enters the eye. Pupils vary in size depending upon the intensity of the light. In bright light iris gets relaxed thus the size of the pupil will decrease so the minimum amount of light enters in the eye. In dim light iris contracts so the size of the pupil will increase which promotes the maximum amount of light entering the eye.

Hence, option D is the correct option.

Note Iris consists of two smooth muscles which are contrary to action – dilation (expansion) and contract (constriction). These muscles control the size of the pupil. The size of the pupil increases when we are in a dark environment increasing visibility and the size of the pupil decreases when we are in a bright environment.
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