Which of the following is the synonym of ‘Ruinous’? A) Fruitful B) Successful C) Lustrous D) Disastrous
Hint: Synonyms are words that have exactly the same or similar meanings. For e.g. scared, frightened, terrified, horrified etc. are all synonyms. Words having the same meanings are said to be ‘synonymous’ to one another. One can learn about synonyms from a special kind of dictionary called thesaurus.
Complete answer: The word ‘ruinous’ means disastrous or destructive’. Example of its usage is as follows; Humans have always had a ruinous effect on mother Earth. Option (A) Fruitful – It refers to something or someone who is producing good or helpful results. In other words, anyone or anything that is productive. For e.g. Excavations are very fruitful for my research on this civilization. Hence, this option is incorrect as it has the opposite meaning. Option (B) Successful – It is something or someone that accomplishes a desired aim or result. For e.g. Our method was successful in driving away the pests. Thus, it is the wrong option. Option (C) Lustrous – This word refers to anything that has luster or shine. For e.g. All metals are lustrous. This option has a completely different meaning and hence it is incorrect. Option (D) Disastrous – It refers to something that causes great damage. For e.g. A disastrous fire swept through the forest. This word has the closest meaning to that of ‘ruinous’. Both ‘ruinous’ and ‘disastrous’ eventually mean destructive. Thus, it is the correct option.
Thus, the correct answer is Option (D) Disastrous.
Note: Other synonyms of the word ‘Ruinous’ are devastating, catastrophic, calamitous, cataclysmic etc. Some antonyms of ‘ruinous’ are beneficial, advantageous, favorable etc. ‘Ruinous’, in other contexts, also means to be in ruins or be dilapidated. For e.g. This monument has been ruinous for many years.