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What is Stefan Boltzmann law ?

Last updated date: 15th Aug 2024
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Hint: Learn about black body radiation thoroughly and learn the law related to black body radiation. Stefan rose in 1879 formulated a law about the radiant energy of black body, five years later he proved his theory empirically. The same was derived theoretically by Ludwig Boltzmann of Austria and hence became Stefan- Boltzmann law.

$E \propto {T^4}$
where, $E$ is the radiation energy by the unit surface of the black body per unit time and $T$ is the absolute temperature of the black body.
$E = \sigma {T^4}$
where, $\sigma$ is the Stefan –Boltzmann constant the value of it is $\sigma = 5.67 \times {10^{ - 8}}J{s^{ - 1}}{m^{ - 2}}{K^{ - 4}}$.
Note: When a normal body called a grey body, which does not absorbs all the electromagnetic radiation coming to it the Stefan – Boltzmann law becomes $E = \varepsilon \sigma {T^4}$. Emissivity is the ratio of the energy radiated through per unit time per unit area to that of the energy radiated by a black body per unit time per unit area. Hence, for a perfect blackbody emissivity is always one. $\varepsilon = 1$.