A forest that has reproduced naturally, consisting of species and strains of natural immigrant or indigenous tree species. Natural forestry, such as harvesting or restoration methods, can be more or less affected by tradition, but forestry must not be subject to restoration by sowing or planting.
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Uses of the forest:
Wood is an important energy source for cooking and heating for the rural population. As these are easier to pick and transport, they prefer smaller roots. It should be easy to break the wood they pick and have a low moisture content to dry more quickly. Part of the wood is converted and used for cooking into charcoal.
In developing countries, fences created with trees and shrubs are preferred as they are inexpensive to maintain but offer protection. It is chosen for plants that have thorns or are prickly and have rigid branches and leaves that are not edible. These species are expected to be rapidly growing, hardy, and long-lived.
3. Soil erosion check-
The soil is bound by tree roots and prevents erosion caused by wind or water. A soil cover that further covers the soil is also created by leaf fall. Casuarina has helped tie the sand and stabilise the sand dunes in the area, planted along the coastal zone.
In the north-east and south-west parts of India, these are common, rising along with deciduous or evergreen forests. Bamboo's key industrial uses are for basket, paper and pulp, and other small-scale industries as timber substitutes, fodder, and raw material.
5. Medicinal use-
Humans have relied on the forest since time immemorial to cure them of various ailments. Even today, people rely on the forest for herbs and plants to combat illnesses. The most notable of all the medicinal trees found in India is the neem. In many other trees, leaves, bark, and other sections also have medicinal value and are used to make different ayurvedic medicines.
There are many different applications of plant fibre. From the stems of the plant, soft fibres like jute are extracted. To make fabrics for different uses, hard fibre from the leaves of hemp and sisal is used. To make ropes, coir, another type of fibre from the coconut fruit, is used.
7. Essential oils-
Essential oils are obtained from tropical grasses such as lemongrass, citronella, and khus. Oil is distilled from different kinds of wood, such as sandalwood, agar, and pine. Oil is also obtained from leaves like eucalyptus, camphor, wintergreen, and pine from some plants and trees. For making soaps, cosmetics, incense, pharmaceuticals, and confectionery, these oils are used.
In various parts of India, over 1500 species of trees are commercially exploited for timber. It is used in industries including plywood, sawmilling, paper and pulp, and particle boards that are timber-based.
Forests cover 1/3 of the surface of the earth and have an estimated three trillion trees.
In dry, snowy, bitterly cold, and swelteringly warm climates, forests exist.