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# What is the value of $a$ for the following equations $3a+4b=13\text{ and }a+3b=1$ ? (Use cross multiplication method).A. $a=5$ B. $a=6$C. $a=7$D. $a=8$

Last updated date: 13th Sep 2024
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Hint: To find the value of $a$ from $3a+4b=13\text{ and }a+3b=1$ , we will be using the formula
$\dfrac{x}{{{b}_{1}}{{c}_{2}}-{{b}_{2}}{{c}_{1}}}=\dfrac{y}{{{c}_{1}}{{a}_{2}}-{{c}_{2}}{{a}_{1}}}=\dfrac{1}{{{b}_{2}}{{a}_{1}}-{{b}_{1}}{{a}_{2}}}$ for the equations ${{a}_{1}}x+{{b}_{1}}y+{{c}_{1}}=0\text{ and }{{a}_{2}}x+{{b}_{2}}y+{{c}_{2}}=0$ . We can compare this cross multiplication formula with the given two equations. When substituting these values, we will be getting an equation of the form $\dfrac{a}{35}=\dfrac{b}{-10}=\dfrac{1}{5}$ . From this, the value of $a$ can be obtained.

Complete step by step answer:
We need to find the value of $a$ from $3a+4b=13\text{ and }a+3b=1$ using the cross multiplication method.
Let us first recollect what cross multiplication method is.
Let us consider the equations ${{a}_{1}}x+{{b}_{1}}y+{{c}_{1}}=0\text{ and }{{a}_{2}}x+{{b}_{2}}y+{{c}_{2}}=0$
We can find the values of x and y are found using the cross multiplication formula shown below.
$\dfrac{x}{{{b}_{1}}{{c}_{2}}-{{b}_{2}}{{c}_{1}}}=\dfrac{y}{{{c}_{1}}{{a}_{2}}-{{c}_{2}}{{a}_{1}}}=\dfrac{1}{{{b}_{2}}{{a}_{1}}-{{b}_{1}}{{a}_{2}}}...(i)$
Now, let us compare this with the given set of equations.
We have $3a+4b=13\text{ and }a+3b=1$
This can be written as $3a+4-13=0\text{ and }a+3b-1=0$
\begin{align} & x=a,y=b \\ & {{a}_{1}}=3,{{a}_{2}}=1 \\ & {{b}_{1}}=4,{{b}_{2}}=3 \\ & {{c}_{1}}=-13,{{c}_{2}}=-1 \\ \end{align}
Now, let us substitute the above values in equation (i). We will get
$\dfrac{a}{4\times -1-3\times \left( -13 \right)}=\dfrac{b}{-13\times 1-\left( -1 \right)\times 3}=\dfrac{1}{3\times 3-4\times 1}$
Let us simplify the denominators. We will get
$\dfrac{a}{-4+39}=\dfrac{b}{-13+3}=\dfrac{1}{9-4}$
$\Rightarrow \dfrac{a}{35}=\dfrac{b}{-10}=\dfrac{1}{5}$
Now let us consider the first and last terms, that is,
$\dfrac{a}{35}=\dfrac{1}{5}$
This can be written as
$a=\dfrac{1\times 35}{5}$
When we solve this, we get
$a=7$

So, the correct answer is “Option C”.

Note: Be careful when substituting the equations in the standard formula. The given equations must be converted to the standard form ${{a}_{1}}x+{{b}_{1}}y+{{c}_{1}}=0\text{ and }{{a}_{2}}x+{{b}_{2}}y+{{c}_{2}}=0$ . You must be cautious with the denominators when writing the formula $\dfrac{x}{{{b}_{1}}{{c}_{2}}-{{b}_{2}}{{c}_{1}}}=\dfrac{y}{{{c}_{1}}{{a}_{2}}-{{c}_{2}}{{a}_{1}}}=\dfrac{1}{{{b}_{2}}{{a}_{1}}-{{b}_{1}}{{a}_{2}}}$ .
We can see that the denominator of x does not contain its coefficient. Also the subscripts of the terms of the denominator are different. For example, ${{b}_{1}}{{c}_{2}}\text{ and }{{b}_{2}}{{c}_{1}}$ .