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When and under whose leadership was the Bahujan Samaj Party formed (BSP) formed?
A. 1982, Mayawati
B. 1984, Kanshi Ram
C. 1985, Mulayam Singh Yadav
D. 1986, Bhajan Lal

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint:
Bahujan Samaj Party is a national political party in India. It was established in 1984. The BSP emphasizes that it represents people at the weakest pace of the Hindu Social System, officially recognized as members of the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Classes, and also other religious and social minorities.

Complete answer:
The desire and motivation to establish the party was a Dalit ideologue and constitutional scholar for a long period of time, Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar. Kanshi Ram, a Dalit and a civil service worker, after reading Ambedkar's works and witnessing first-hand caste inequality, was pushed on to pro-Dalit activism in the 1960s. Kanshi Ram’s efforts to organize Dalits and other minorities contributed to his involvement in politics, in which he spent a long time circling the state of Uttar Pradesh and moving around the country seeking support for the cause. He launched the party in 1984 and headed it until Kumari Mayawati succeeded him in 2003. The Bahujan Samaj Party was established on the birth anniversary of Dr .B.R.Ambedkar on 14 April 1984.

Therefore, the correct answer is B

Note:
The first major political victory for the BSP came in 1993 when it joined an alliance with the Samajwadi (Socialist) Party for the governance of Uttar Pradesh. The BSP secured a clear victory in the 2007 Uttar Pradesh legislative elections. Yet the BSP administration has become notorious for greed, unbridled self-improvement, and a host of financial scandals. These factors contributed to the collapse of the BSP in the 2012 elections to the state assembly.