Hint: Chatrapati Shivaji, received excellent training in administration and military warfare, hence his life revolved around war and achieved a great name by defeating various Mughal Rulers. He captured and maintained control over various forts under his reign and the fort of Purandar was one of them as it was important to maintain control of Maratha kingdom in Southern India.
Option A) From the early 17th century to the early 18th century, Indian subcontinent was ruled by the Maratha Empire, belonging to the Bhonsale dynasty. The Peshwa played a crucial role in expanding the Empire; initially they served as subordinates to the Maratha king but later worked as leaders.
The treaty of Purandar, was signed between Raja Jai Singh I, a Rajput ruler of Amber and Maratha Chatrapati Shivaji on June 11, 1665. Jai Singh besieged Purandar Fort and this forced Shivaji to sign the agreement. He decided to sign the treaty realizing that war would cost him money and soldiers.
The main features of the treaty were:-
a)Shivaji was required to help the Mughals whenever required.
b)Shivaji kept twelve forts, but had to give up his forts at Purandar, Lohagad, Kondana, Tikona and several other forts.
c)Shivaji’s son Sambhaji, was tasked with the command of a 5,000-strong force under the Mughals.
d)Along with these demands, Shivaji agreed to visit Agra to meet Aurangzeb for further political talks.
Option B) June 1666 is an incorrect option.
Option C) June 1667 is not a correct option.
Option D)June 1668 is an incorrect option.
So, the correct answer is option A.
Note: Shivaji was arrested and held captive in Agra after his meeting with Aurangzeb. The peace between the Mughals and the Marathas developed till 1960’s only. Shivaji laid foundations of a strong Maratha empire by acquiring a large part of Deccan land and Western India. He died on 3 April 1680 at Raigad.