Hint: The TMS is a federation of fish workers’ cooperatives and was formed in 1994. A federation fighting for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers.
Complete Answer: The full form of TMS is Tawa Matsya Sangh, that is, a federation of fish workers’ cooperatives. It was formed in 1994 in the state of Madya Pradesh. A federation fighting for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers of the Satpura forest in Madhya Pradesh. A problem came up when the government decided in 1994 and gave the rights for fishing in this reservoir to private contractors, who drove the local people away and got cheap labour from outside. They began to threaten and harass the villagers, who did not leave, by bringing in hoodlums. The villagers in protest formed the Tawa Matsya Sangh and organized rallies, road blockade, further demanding their fishing rights. Such an organisation was set up by the villagers to save their livelihood.
Let us examine the options –
Option A – The federation was formed in 1994 to fight for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers of Madhya Pradesh. Hence, Gujarat is not the correct option.
Option B – The federation was indeed formed in Madhya Pradesh to fight for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers who were forced to leave the Satpura forest, thus risking their livelihood.
Option C - The federation was formed in 1994 to fight for the rights of the displaced forest dwellers of Madhya Pradesh and not in Odisha.
Option D – This option is also incorrect as the TMS was formed in Madhya Pradesh in 1994.
So, the correct answer is option B.
Note: Tawa is a river which originates in the Mahadeo Hills of Chhindwara district. It flows through Betul and then joins Narmada river in Hoshangabad. People residing in these regions earned their livelihood through fishing, which was curtailed by the government in 1994.