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The summer solstice in the Northern Hemisphere occurs when the sun is directly overhead at noon on _______.
A. The Tropic of Capricorn
B. The Tropic of Cancer
C. The Equator
D. None of the above.

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: The Equator is basically an imaginary line that divides the earth into two hemispheres: the Northern hemisphere and Southern Hemisphere. In the North lies the Tropic of Cancer whereas in the Southern Hemisphere lies the Tropic of Capricorn.

Complete Answer:
Estival solstice or midsummer known as Summer Solstice. It happens when the earth's pole has the maximum tilt towards the sun. The summer solstice occurs twice a year. One in the Northern Hemisphere and another in the Southern hemisphere. During this phase, the sun reaches the highest point in the sky and this is recorded as the longest period of sunlight day. Continuous sunlight is found on this day. In some of the countries, it is regarded as a festival or major holidays are given during this period. Sometimes, this event denotes the beginning of the summer season. In the Northern hemisphere, it is found near the Antarctic circle which occurs in the month of June. Whereas in the southern hemisphere it is found near the Arctic Circle in the month of December.
So, the correct answer is Option B.

Note: There are mainly two types of solstice one is the summer solstice and the other is the winter solstice. Winter solstice occurs when the earth’s pole has the tilt away from the sun. Winter solstice is known as the midwinter or as the longest night is denoted as the event of celebration and festival. People celebrate it by singing and spend time with near and dear ones. Winter solstice is the day on which the night is the longest night.