The red blood cells in the human body have a particular shape for carrying out their primary functions of oxygen transport. The change in the shape is indicative of the maturity of the cell or a stress affecting the cells.Complete answer:
- Human red blood cells (RBCs), or erythrocytes, are disc-shaped under physiological conditions. More specifically, they are biconcave in shape. The shape of these cells helps in efficient transport through narrow blood vessels.
- RBCs are the primary cellular component of blood, which is a connective tissue in the human body required for important functions such as oxygen and hormone transport.
- The typical human RBC is much smaller than other somatic cells. It has a diameter of 6 - 8 diameters and a thickness of 2 micrometers.
- A change in the shape of the RBC will make it inefficient in oxygen transport and gas exchange. This is observed in spherocytic anemia where the cells are spherical and sickle-cell anemia where the cells are sickle-shaped.Additional Information:
- The RBCs contain hemoglobin molecules that carry out the oxygen transport. These molecules turn bright red on binding with oxygen.
- RBCs are considered as cells but do not contain a nucleus, nuclear DNA, and other organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. Due to this, the cells do not undergo fission or carry out aerobic respiration as they only carry the oxygen.
- Hemoglobin transports almost 98 % of oxygen through the body. The rest is transported as dissolved molecules in the plasma.So, the correct answer is ‘disc’.Note:
- Adult healthy humans contain approximately 20-30 trillion RBCs at any given time.
- The shape of the RBC is also known as ‘discocyte’.
- RBCs are formed in the red bone marrow of bones and the old and damaged cells are eliminated or recycled by the spleen and the liver.