Hint: On 5th November 1556, the famous Second battle of Panipat took place. Panipat was famous because of the three most important battles fought there in 1526, 1556 and 1761.
Complete answer: The Hindu emperor Hemu and the armed forces of Mughal emperor Akbar fought the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556. Hemu had captured Delhi and Agra. After defeating the Mughal emperor Tardi Beg Khan, he proclaimed himself as the Raja Vikramaditya in a coronation conducted in Purana Quilla. Since Akbar was not old enough to take over the rule, Bairam Khan was appointed as his guardian. After Bairam Khan heard about the loss of Delhi and Agra he went to claim back those areas. The two armies clashed in Panipat and the Second battle of Panipat took place. The Mughals won a major victory in spite of Hemu having a larger portion of the army. Hemu was attacked by an arrow. Seeing their leader being defeated, Hemu’s army ran away.
Panipat was an important area of military and political purposes because of its strategic importance. This area was also significant economically because it was near the Ganga Yamuna region. The Second battle of Panipat was important because it established Akbar’s rule.
Looking at the Options:
Option A Babar fought the First battle of Panipat. Therefore this is incorrect.
Option B: Humayun fought the Battle of Chausa with Sher Shah Suri. This is also incorrect.
Option C: Bairam Khan fought the Second battle of Panipat on behalf of Akbar. This is the right answer.
Option D: Ibrahim Lodhi fought the First Battle of Panipat with Babar. Hence this is incorrect.
Therefore, Option C is correct.
Note: The Second Battle of Panipat re-established the Mughal rule in India. It was Akbar who expanded the Mughal empire. Hemu was beheaded by Bairam Khan.