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# The condition for destructive interference is path difference should be equal to: A. Odd integral multiple of wavelengthB. Integral multiple of wavelengthC. Odd integral multiple of half wavelengthD. Integral multiple of half wavelength

Last updated date: 06th Sep 2024
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Hint: In physics interference is a very important phenomenon. Interference involves the superimposition of two waves which forms a resultant with amplitude more, less or the same as the two waves involved. There are also two specific conditions that are important for us – constructive and destructive interference. For constructive and destructive interference it is very important that the two waves either come from the same source or have the same or nearly the same frequency. Interference occurs in all types of waves including but not limited to acoustic, surface water waves, gravity waves, matter water and light waves.

Complete step-by-step answer:
In interference the amplitude of the resultant wave, is a vector sum of the amplitude of the two waves. If a crest of one wave meets a crest of another wave, then the amplitude is the sum of amplitude of the two waves. If a crest of one wave meets the trough of another waves then the amplitude of the resultant wave is the difference in the amplitude of the two waves.
Constructive interference occurs only when the path difference between the two waves is an integral multiple of wavelength of the wave.
Destructive interference occurs only when the path difference between the two waves is an odd integral multiple of half wavelength of the wave.
Path difference $(\delta ) = \left( {n + \dfrac{1}{2}\lambda } \right)$
Hence, option C is the correct choice.

Note – As discussed earlier to produce constructive and destructive interference, we need two waves from the same source or with constant phase difference. In labs, white light is not usually used to demonstrate interference, normally we use sodium lamps as a single light source for the two waves.